Tuesday, September 17, 2013

PM's Speech on BUMIPUTERA ECONOMIC AGENDA (plus some reflections)

The reading of Malaysia's Prime Minister's speech may make many Malaysians angry for what emerges is a lack of concern for the OTHER Malaysians which do make up  a significant number. But, in para 70 at the end, he does say:-

Nevertheless, on behalf of the Government and from the bottom of my heart, I would like to urge all quarters, not to misconstrue the Bumiputera economic empowerment measures. We will implement all these initiatives and strategies without trampling on the interests of other groups or deny their rights.
It also must be noted that this speech is made when the UMNO (United Malay National Organizations) general elections is just around the corner, and Najib is the President and whether he will still be President is still uncertain. 

The way the government went about BR1M - providing of financial assistance to poor Malaysian households and bachelors also was done irrespective of any ethnic/religious/cultural considerations, so really is Najib, UMNO and BN racist in their approach in governing Malaysia or are they not? 

Who are Malays seem to be expanding - I has a family friend who was MIC, but oddly the son today is UMNO... what is Malay, and who is Malay is also changing...likewise, who is Bumiputra? Hence analyzing becomes difficult because who was Malay/Bumiputra before and now may not be the same?

"...in fact, a convert is defined as Malay, even Mamak and Malbari..have been absorbed as Malays..."

What is sad is also the division of Malaysian society into Malays, Muslim Bumiputra and non-Muslim Bumiputra?  So, do we also have Muslim non-Bumiputra and non-Muslim non-Bumiputra?
Malays and Muslim Bumiputras made up 59.7 percent. While, non-Muslim Bumiputras were 7.6 percent of the overall populace.

What are the names of these 9 main ethnic groups that is Malay? I never knew this fact ..

"  6.1 million Bumiputras in 1970, or 56 percent of the populace. The Malays comprised nine main ethnic groups, Orang Asli were divided into 18 categories, Sabah Bumiputras had 40 ethnic groups while Sarawak had 60 ethnic groups.
Let us read the speech of the Prime Minister of all Malaysians....

14 September 2013| last updated at 08:23PM




 Assalamualaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh and peace be upon you.

 1. God willing, thanks to Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala because with his consent we are gathered this morning, at Dewan Agong Tuanku Canselor of Universiti Teknologi MARA's Main Campus, an institution which symbolises and is a symbolism of the relentless struggle of the Malays and Bumiputera.

 2. First of all, on behalf of the government, I record the highest appreciation to the people of Malaysia especially the Malay and Bumiputra comunities who had supported, given their mandate and trust to Barisan Nasional at the 13th General Election..to continue the leadership of the nation. What is more overwhelming is, Umno as the mainstay of Barisan Nasional, had been able to increase its parliamentary seat from 79 to 88.

 Ladies and gentlemen,

 3. This proved, regardless of the obstacle, despite the accusations, the Umno Transformation Leadership, with the other Barisan National component parties continued to be strong, continued to be firm and continued to endure efficaciously, as the pick of the people, for the next five years ...to pursue the agenda of the Malays and Bumiputera in our beloved homeland.

 4. After the last General Election was concluded, we heard numerous grumblings, countless laments and dissatisfaction, raised by the Bumiputra communities, on their lot, future and direction, with their children and grandchildren in the land of our birth.

5.  Indeed, we heard your cries, ladies and gentlemen. We too, immerse ourselves in your pulses and restlessness..Yes, indeed!!!...we hear you..we hear you loud and clear.

6.  Since the nation became independent, on Aug 31, 1957, the people had lived in harmony, united, building the nation. On Sept 16, 1963, Sabah and Sarawak merged with us to form Malaysia. Thankfully, the unification, brought us a million blessings. Day after tomorrow, with the grace of god too, we will celebrate the completion of fifty years, Malaysia's golden jubilee celebration, which, god willing, I will be attending in the cities of Kuching and Kota Kinabalu.

7. To celebrate the population of the nation, there were 6.1 million Bumiputras in 1970, or 56 percent of the populace. The Malays comprised nine main ethnic groups, Orang Asli were divided into 18 categories, Sabah Bumiputras had 40 ethnic groups while Sarawak had 60 ethnic groups.

8. During the 2010 Umno General Assembly, I mentioned that Jawa is Malay, Bugis is Malay, Banjar is also mentioned as Malay, Minangkabau is definitely Malay, those of Acheh origin are Malays, in fact, a convert is defined as Malay, even Mamak and Malbari..have been absorbed as Malays.


9. The 2010 Population and Housing Census, showed Malays and Muslim Bumiputras made up 59.7 percent. While, non-Muslim Bumiputras were 7.6 percent of the overall populace. Current projections, as of 2012, estimated the population of Malaysia as 27.4 million people of whom Bumiputras numbered 18.6 million or 67.9 percent.

10. Since Independence, all the Malay and Bumiputra plannings and economic policies by the Government had been enacted based on the calculations founded on the composition of the plural communities. In principle, this had been adopted as a social contract since a long time ago by the people of Malaysia, as agreed to by the founding fathers of our nation, protected and articulated in the Federal Constitution through Article 153, Article 160 (2), Article 161A (6)(a). Also Article 161A (6)(b).

11. Therefore, the Malays and Bumiputras as the core of the national agenda could not be denied by anybody. Indeed, any matter which is national in nature, which does not take into account or neglect the agenda of the Malays and Bumiputras is not fair and just. Ladies and gentlemen,

12. It is important that this must be thoroughly understood by all quarters that we must always be aware and be careful about the Bumiputra Agenda being the National Agenda. This is because if the majority Bumiputra group is not looked after or felt themselves threatened and sidelined, the country may not achieve peace, stability, and we may not achieve our dream of becoming a developed nation which is peaceful and prosperous as aspired in 2020.

13. Thereupon, history has proven in the development of the national economy especially since the New Economic Policy was implemented, not only Malay and Bumiputra, in fact, all Malaysians shared the bounty from god, reaping the benefit together, the result of the national economic development. Clearly, this we had done without taking, or depriving anybody's right but rightly through the creation of new wealth and generating strong economic growth.

14. The chronicles of the world had shown how if a government failed to play its pro-active part in balancing the socioeconomy fairly, between the haves and have nots, between capitalists and workers, between land owners and tenants, between white collar workers and blue collar workers, it would be and is the harbinger of catastrophes. 

15. In retrospect, the New Economic Policy, namely, NEP had been introduced in 1971 by the late Tun Abdul Razak, my father, to tackle the issue of inter-ethnic socioeconomic imbalances and poverty erradication following the May 13, 1969 tragedy.

 16. That's how the New Economic Policy was implemented between 1971 and 1990. Since 1965 until 2010, 10 Malaysia plans and three Long Term Plans had been implemented.

 17. The National Development Plan was between 1991 and 2000. Later, there was the National Vision Policy traversing 2001 to 2010. In the meantime, I also launched the National Transformation Policy, during the tabling of Budget 2010, as the axial reinforcement and a catalyst for achieving Vision 2020.

18. Since independence, the government had created numerous instruments and institutions for the Malays and Bumiputras, among which were Bank Bumiputera, Tabung Haji, MARA, FELDA, RISDA, FELCRA, UDA, PERNAS, DARA, JENGKA, KETENGAH and KESEDAR. The third Prime Minister, Tun Hussein Onn on his part, had set up Permodalan Nasional Berhad and launched Skim Amanah Saham Nasional.

19. As we also know, the interest of Bumiputra had been further strengthened by the fourth Prime Minister Tun Dr. Mahathir through the privatisation policy and Vision 2020, which became the current track on which the nation is progressing. The fifth Prime Minister, Tun Abdullah had created corridors to boost regional economic development.   

20. Since I took over the administration of the nation, the government had launched the New Economic Models, which aspired to turn Malaysia into a developed, high income nation, with balanced growth, witnessing the Malay and Bumiputra communities on par with other communities with the advent of a developed nation status in seven years.

21. Furthermore, the New Economic Model introduces an inclusive development approach based on growth with equity to ensure all communities in Malaysia obtain benefit from economic development and the nation's riches.

22. Meanwhile, the 10th Malaysia Plan, starting from 2011 to 2015, is aimed at providing fair opportunities to all Malaysians, regardless of ethnic groups or geographical position, to be together involved in all economic activities. This is based on the principle of friendly market, based on need, transparency and merit. But the meritocracy here meant competition among Bumiputra. 

23. The government had also introduced the Government Transformation Programme and Economic Transformation Programme to form a national economic development ecosystem which is strong and resilient. Due to the implementation of the transformation programme, the national economic growth had recorded a strong growth in an uncertain global economy. In 2011 and 2012, the rate of growth of the national economy was 5.1 and 5.6, respectively.

 24. What I want to stress here, that is, continuous growth such as this is crucial, because, firstly, only with growth can we distribute the riches of the nation to all Malaysians.       Ladies and gentlemen,

25. Through a careful and wise economic planning, the standard of living of Bumiputra have gone up. For example, the Bumiputra monthly average household income had gone up from RM172 in the 1970s to RM4,457 in 2012 or almost 2,500 percent in 42 years.

26. The Bumiputra poverty rate had gone down from 64.8 percent in the 1970s to 2.2 percent in 2012. The Bumiputra corporate company equity rate had also gone up from only 2.4 percent in the 1970s to 23.5 percent in 2011.

27. Furthermore, except for several specific employment sectors, the number of Bumiputra employed in the professional category, especially those qualified as medical doctors, engineers and lawyers had approached the percentages of the racial composition.   28. This proved the New Economic Policy, as a preliminary measure had been successful in tackling the gap between the communities in the effort to develop the socioeconomy of the Bumiputra community. Clearly, during the last four decades, the Bumiputra community had entered the first phase of the transformation.

29, Nevertheless, the government is aware that there still exists the disparity in income between the ethnic groups. For example, in 2011, the average monthly income of the Chinese was higher than Bumiputra by a ratio of 1:43.

30. In the context of corporate company equity ownership, we have yet to achieve a target of at least 30 percent. Our effective control on corporate companies currently is only around 10 percent. The government also understands that the involvement of the Bumiputra communities in entrepreneurship activities is still insignificant and the majority is at the small and micro levels.

31, As such, Ladies and Gentlemen, on the support given by Malays and Bumiputra at the 13th General Election recently, today the government decides to make a big shift to implement concrete and total strategies and approaches.

32. This meaningful and historical meeting, we name the Bumiputra Economic Empowerment Council. All these, we undertake, to look after the lot of the Malay and Bumiputra communities, since the past, presently and forever. The Empowerment of the Bumiputera Economy focuses on five major strategies.

Ladies and Gentlemen,  The Focus of the First Empowerment :  ENABLE BUMIPUTRA HUMAN CAPITAL

33. As we understand, human capital is the most important aspect in developing a community. The government, in truth, had been successful in emplacing Bumiputra students in local and foreign public institutions of higher learning. As such, the next phase is to empower the Bumiputra human capital leading towards matching qualifications and skills with the needs of the market.

34. Towards this end, firstly, for youths with low academic qualifications and skill levels, the government had increased skills boosting programmes to provide a second chance so they would have more opportunities to get employments.

35. In this aspect too, reskilling programmes are escalated. Towards this end, additional allocations would be given to GiatMARA to procure the latest high technology equipment to carry out training programmes. Meanwhile, the number of training programmes handled by National Youth Skills Institute would also be increased by adopting the two shifts approach.

36. Secondly, to the unemployed Bumiputra graduates, the government will intensify training programmes to boost their marketability, to suit the need of the industry. For this purpose, programmes such as 1Malaysia Training Scheme, Graduate Employability Management Scheme and Skills Steering Programme would be expanded to boost the number of beneficiaries.

37. Thirdly, to boost the number of highly qualified individuals, the related agencies such as the Public Service Department and MARA would expand Post Degree Education Programmes to meet the need of the market especially in critical and high technology sectors.

38. Fourthly, in turning out more Bumiputra professionals, Professional Leadership Programmes under the Bumiputera Education Steering Foundation (YPPB) and similar programmes would be expanded. This will help them obtain recognition as professional and accredited manpower, especially in critical areas such as accountancy, specialist doctors, architecture, engineering and actuarial science.


39. To date, the maximum limit for each individual in Amanah Saham Bumiputera investment is RM200,000. As such, to encourage participation, especially among the middle Bumiputra group in owning shares, I proudly announce the Skim Amanah Saham Bumiputera 2 or ASB2 would be launched by Permodalan Nasional Berhad with an injection of 10 billion units of shares.

40. Equinas, on its part, will be given the responsibility of taking over the role of spearheading the Skim Jejak Jaya Bumiputera programme. The programme would be transformed through management equity and skill, to guide Bumiputra companies for listing on Bursa Malaysia.

Ladies and Gentlemen,


41. Bumiputra are still lagging in non-financial asset ownership such as houses, industrial premises and commercial complexes. For example, in 2012, the transaction of residential homes recorded by the National Property Information Centre, indicated only 36.3 percent of transactions of residential homes involving Bumiputra with a value of almost RM18 billion or 26 percent.

42. From another angle, many non-financial assets such as property among Muslim Bumiputra, which were not managed in an orderly manner or neglected had caused the value of the assets to become low. As such, to optimise the value and benefit of the assets, for starters, Malaysian Wakaf Foundation would be spruced up and upgraded into a corporate entity.

43. The roles of property institutions such as Pelaburan Hartanah Berhad, Majlis Amanah Rakyat and Perbadanan Usahawan Nasional Berhad would be empowered to develop or obtain commercial and industrial property especially at strategic locations nationwide.     

44. In addition, the government is aware the capability of the Bumiputra communities to own homes is low on top of the increasing prices of houses. Towards empowering property ownership, to generate Bumiputra wealth, the government through Syarikat Perumahan Rakyat 1Malaysia or PR1MA and Syarikat Perumahan Negara Berhad with the cooperation of the state governments would increase the number of affordable homes for Bumiputras nationwide.

45. Meanwhile, according to statistics, 58 percent of the 72 percent Malaysians staying in the urban areas are Bumiputra. But, the government knows, the percentage of Bumiputera property ownership in town is low. So, without government intervention to correct the situation, the Bumiputera property ownership is becoming worse.

46. As such, the role of UDA Corporation would be strengthened to help the development of property including homes, complexes and trading spaces, industrial and commercial buildings in urban areas.

47. In connection with this too, I will direct GLCs and GLICs which are involved in the property sector to stress on the development of Bumiputra property especially housing, shoplots and commercial premises.      Ladies and Gentlemen,


48. As we all know, commerce and entrepreneurship are the most important activities to generate income and riches. However, the participation of BumiputraS in such activities is low because of several constraints faced including outdated production technology, lack of access to funds and capital and limited markets.

49. In overcoming the issue of access to financing funds for small and medium entrepreneurs, the roles of Bumiputra entrepreneur agencies such as Amanah Ikhtiar Malaysia, TEKUN Nasional, MARA and PUNB would be strengthened so that the number of Bumiputra entrepreneur recipients would increase, including in Sabah and Sarawak.

50. In this regard, I am happy to announce, an additional allocation of RM300 million for Amanah Ikhtiar Malaysia for five years. The number of friends of Amanah Ikhtiar Malaysia, the majority of whom are women, is targeted to rise from 350,000 people to 500,000 people in 2015.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

51. At this opportunity too, I announce an additional allocation of RM700 million for TEKUN Nasional. The number of TEKUN entrepreneurs is also expected to go up from 270,000 this year to 370,000 in 2015.

52. In response to the laments of entreprenuers who were encountering problems of market access, I will direct all ministries and GLC to strengthen their Bumiputra vendor development systems. The selection of vendors must be based on merit among Bumiputras. In this manner, Bumiputra entrepreneurs could be capable of becoming strong and progressive.

53. In line with this, I also want the vendor contract and concession periods to be syncronised with the bank loan repayment periods so their projects could run smoothly.

54. In connection with empowering the Vendor Development Programme or VDP, Petronas must boost its VDP programme, to strengthen its supply chain for the oil and gas sectors. The same goes for Tenaga Nasional in the energy sector, Telekom Malaysia and AXIATA in the communication sector, UEM in construction while Sime Darby and Felda Global Ventures for the plantation sector.

55. With the empowerment of the Bumiputra economy too, I want all Chief Executive Officers in GLCs to fix targets on the participation of Bumiputra including acquisitions awarded to vendors. This should be included in the Key Peformance Index for the Chief Executive Officers of the respective companies.

56. In this regard, I am happy to share that in the oil and gas sector between now and 2017, Petronas is implementing and will carry out several main upstream and downstream projects. Through these projects, we have worked out so that Bumiputra companies would benefit from contracts worth RM20 billion each year for upstream and downstream service work.

57. The shelf life of such facilities are usually about 25 years or more. It is estimated at least 22 critical work scopes would be created to benefit Bumiputra companies.      Ladies and Gentlemen,

58. To tackle the issue of supply chain, the government through GLC and GLIC would develop a group of Bumiputra entrepreneurs who would involve themselves in activities related to manufacturing and industrialisation which have potentials and higher value-added. In this context, GLC and GLIC would helm effort to create several Bumiputra consortiums in the sectors involved.

59. The privatisation programme, generally, had succeeded in becoming catalysts to create successful Bumiputra individuals and companies. As such, to escalate the programme, the Private Public Cooperation Unit or UKAS will take the initiative to identify selectively any viable government service to be privatised to Bumiputra.

60.  In a move to ensure opportunities for Bumiputra companies to obtain contracts and in preparation to compete in the future, the carve out policy would be expanded to other big projects under the ministry, GLCs and GLICs. This policy was successfully carried out in the MRT projects where 47 percent or nine billion ringgit were awarded to Bumiputra companies selected on meritocracy.

61. For example, four additional projects which had been identified to take part in the programme are Merdeka Heritage Tower Project, Bukit Bintang City Centre, MATRADE Exhibition Centre and the Sungai Buluh Rubber Research Institute Development programme.

62. In furtherance of the agenda, it is appropriate that we build a New Bumiputra Entrepreneur Community that is resilient, competitive, innovative and daring to take risks. They also must have a deep interest and are passionate about participating in new knowledge-based fields such as information technology, biotechnology and green technology.

63.  Towards this aim, a new and unique financing scheme named Bumiputra New Entrepreneurs Starting Scheme or SUPERB would be introduced. The scheme is aimed at aiding start-up companies. For this purpose, an allocation of RM100 million would be provided in a three-year period.

64.  SUPERB will provide grants up to RM500,000 to creative and innovative new entrepreneurs in strategic sectors which had big potentials in the future.

65.  The selection of Bumiputra entrepreneurs would be based on merit and would be done by a panel of entrepreneurs who are already successful. Furthermore, new entrepreneurs who were picked would also be mentored by those who were already successful.


66. As I have mentioned, the government hears the expressions of feelings emanating from the Bumiputra communities on their level of participation in socioeconomic development programmes. As such, to ensure the socioeconomic development of Bumiputra were effectively implemented, the delivery system would be streamlined and compacted to create an efficient, comprehensive and constructive ecosystem.

67. For this, Bumiputra Development Units or UPB would be created in all ministries. The Bumiputra Development Unit is responsible for formulating suggestions and implementing Bumiputra Agenda initiatives.

68. Appreciating the interest and struggles of Bumiputra, I wish to quote seven wills by the Nine Malay Rulers when consenting to the independence agreement to set up a federation.  TRULY:

"We declare and we keep for you and we allow you to declare and keep for your children and grandchildren, other than the mountains, lakes and forest reserves,

Malay Reserve land up to a ratio of 50 percent, the rest you, together with the other communities, may grab".        Ladies and Gentlemen,

69. This will is very clear. It has stated the equity and the ownership of the Malays and later expanded to Bumiputra, through the unification of Sabah and Sarawak when Malaysia was set up 50 years ago.

 70. Nevertheless, on behalf of the Government and from the bottom of my heart, I would like to urge all quarters, not to misconstrue the Bumiputera economic empowerment measures. We will implement all these initiatives and strategies without trampling on the interests of other groups or deny their rights.

1 comment:

Unknown said...

Agenda ekonomi untuk memajukan bumiputera di Malaysia perlu diperjelas, apa saja yang akan dimajukan, besarnya target, kapan akan terealisasi, komentar juga ya ke blog saya www.goocap.com