Yes, MTUC represents all workers in Malaysia, including the un-unionized Malaysian and migrant workers. It is a recognition accorded to them by Malaysia as well as the international community and the ILO(International Labour Organisation). As such, the responsibility placed upon these new leaders are great, and what is demanded of them is that they will act without fear or favour for the best interest of workers and trade unions in Malaysia.
Over the years since Independence(1957),especially in the last few decades. Malaysia's UMNO-led coalition of parties(now known as the Barisan Nasional) has been slowly withering away worker and trade union rights in Malaysia - the latest being the removal of what was once the norm, i.e.
(1) Regular employment being permanent employment until retirement. This has slowly been replaced by precarious short-term(or fixed duration) contract employment whereby even if the work requiring the worker still exists, the worker is terminated. Under the 'regular employment' practice, even when a worker is to be laid-off or retrenched, there was the obligation on the employer to try to find alternative employment within the workplace - providing employment was the priority. Termination simpliciter of the worker was not permitted - requiring a Domestic Inquiry and termination permitted was only those 'with just cause'. With more years of employment, workers are bestowed with more rights like annual leave, sick leave and this was also a factor when it came to retrenchment and termination benefits - all of which is still rights in Malaysian laws but is now being effectively denied through the usage of short or fixed-term contracts. This phenomena started in the private sector but today is also present in the public sector. MTUC, in the past failed, to stop this trend away from regular employment which we hope now will change and MTUC will lead the fight to stop the trend of 'short-term contract employment'. Note that the Malaysian worker generally buys houses and vehicles on loan, and loan payments must be paid monthly and as such a loss of income and employment because of 'short-term employment contracts' imposes way too much financial difficulties on the worker and their families. It is even more precarious for older workers and for women, who just got married and/or who are pregnant. Short-term employment contracts also creates docile easily exploited workers, who even will not be interested in forming or joining trade unions.
(2) Contractor for Labour system - this removed the right of direct employment relationship between an employer with a workplace in need of workers(the principal), and the workers themselves. Workers at a workplace find that the person supervising and in control of their work employment is not their employer - because the principal through an agreement with a 3rd party(the contractor for labour) is getting their workers from the 3rd party, who Malaysian government and law claims is the true employer. The 3rd party does not control the work environment, and really cannot do anything to improve working conditions and work benefits. This system also weakens the Union of workers employed by the principal, as there is no limit and soon more than 50% (maybe even 99%) would no longer be employees of the principal, and directly the bargaining power of the union diminishes. Malaysia does the limit the usage of such workers at the workplace, which I believe should be limited to not more than 5% and to those work not being the core work or core business of the principal.
(3) Outsourcing of work - Now, many workplace employers outsources work to 3rd parties, who then are responsible for these work that is done by the the 3rd party employees. It started with security, cleaning and upkeep of the of the work area and surrounding compound,... and even to financial matters (like preparing of pay slips and payment of salaries, etc)...to now more and more. Banks outsourced internet/phone banking and even check processing and clearance to 3rd parties... End result, again the weakening of trade unions and worker rights.
The most effective tool of unions and workers have been the STRIKE - which was where workers just stopped work, until the employer agreed to sit down and negotiate on worker just demands. Well, Malaysia has not only passed laws that has made it very difficult to strike, but also carry out other forms of industrial actions like 'go slow', 'work to rule'(which meant workers collectively just worked normal working hours refusing overtime, work on rest days and public holidays). What Malaysia did was to expand the definition of STRIKE to include such actions as well. The right to picket is also there and again this too has been restricted not only in terms of venue but also as to who can participate...
It is not just workers but also worker leaders (including union presidents) that have become victims of such termination and injustice. We remember Hatta Wahari (Presiden NUJ- National Union of Journalists), Wan Noorulazhar bin Mohd Hanafiah (President of the Electronic Industry Employees Union Western Region, Peninsular Malaysia (EIEUWR), Chen Ka Fatt and Abdul Jamil bin Jalaludeen (Treasurer and Vice President of NUBE - National Union of Banking Employees) and most recently Ismail Nasaruddin the president of the NationalUnion of Flight Attendants Malaysia (NUFAM) Effectively, employers now can get rid of worker leaders, and not have to worry about any discontent or retaliation from their workers vide a Strike or an Industrial Action..and the whole legal process can take years and years... Employer suffers nothing but manages to get rid of strong worker leaders - whilst workers lose their leaders and those suspended and then terminated losing all financial security...
Deputy President:- Abdullah Sani Abdul Hamid
Secretary General:- N Gopal Krishnan (NUTEAIW)
Deputy Secretary General:- A Balasubramaniam(UNEPASS)
Financial Secretary:- Awang Ibrahim(UBIW)
Deputy Financial Secretary:- Harry Tan Hock Huat(NUTP)
Vice President (Private Sector)
Mohd Khir Mansor
Ng Khoo Seong
J Solomon (NUBE)
Vice President (Public Sector)
Kang Bee Leng
Vice President (Statutory Body)
Ahmad Helmi Ibrahim
Ikmal Azam Thanaraj Abdullah
Updated: Sunday December 22, 2013 MYT 11:06:19 PM
Incumbent MTUC president Mohd Khalid retains post
In 2010, Abdullah Sani failed in his bid to become the MTUC secretary-general.
Speaking to reporters, Abdullah Sani said his first course of action would be to form a bipartisan research committee parliamentary caucus to discuss workers' issues.
Mohd Khalid said the MTUC was facing a challenging road ahead, and he hoped to face it head on.
"We have to work together to improve the MTUC, and focus on unity and solidarity among ourselves," he said.
National Union of Transport Equipment and Allied Industries Workers (NUTEAIW) secretary-general N Gopal Krishnan was elected secretary-general while Union of Employees of Port Ancillary Services Suppliers (UNEPASS) secretary A Balasubramaniam won the deputy secretary-general's post.
Union of Beverage Industry Workers's (UBIW) Awang Ibrahim retained his post as MTUC's financial secretary while National Union of Teaching Professional's (NUTP) Harry Tan Hock Huat is the deputy.
Mohd Khir Mansor, Maktar Siwang, Ng Khoo Seong, J Solomon and Bruno Pereira were elected vice-presidents under the private sector category.
Ahmad Helmi Ibrahim, Zainal Ismail and Ikmal Azam Thanaraj Abdullah were elected vice-presidents under the statutory bodies category.
Rosni Aziz, Kang Bee Leng and Hashim Adnan won the vice-presidents post under the public sector without contest.
A total of 473 delegates participated in the vote. The MTUC's new leadership term will run from 2014 to 2016.- Star Online, 22/12/2013,Incumbent MTUC president Mohd Khalid retains post