(2) On 11 May 2015, the then-Chairman of the Public Accounts Committee (“PAC”) of Parliament and Member of Parliament for Pulai, Datuk Nur Jazlan bin Mohamed, issued a statement, stating that the PAC would start its inquiry into 1MDB and that it intended to question several persons, including the present Chief Executive Officer of 1MDB, Arul Kanda Kandasamy, as well as his predecessor, Datuk Shahrul Ibrahim Halmi.1 Both were initially scheduled to give evidence on 26 May 2015.2 This was later adjourned to 4 and 5 August 20153 at their request (but did not ultimately take place).
(3) On 2 July 2015, the Wall Street Journal (“WSJ”)4 and Sarawak Report (“SR”)5 reported that government investigation documents had disclosed that:
(a) funds amounting to approximately USD700 million (MYR2.6 billion) were transferred into the personal bank accounts of the Prime Minister of Malaysia, Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib bin Tun Abdul Razak (“Prime Minister”) in AmIslamic Bank Berhad in March 2013. WSJ also reported that the original source of the funds was unclear and the subsequent use of the funds was unknown; and
(b) another set of funds totalling MYR42 million was transferred from SRC International Sdn Bhd (“SRC”, a former subsidiary of 1MDB) to Gandingan Mentari Sdn Bhd, then to Ihsan Perdana Sdn Bhd, and finally to the personal bank accounts of the Prime Minister.
(4) On 3 July 2015, the Prime Minister responded to the aforementioned reports by WSJ and SR, stating, “I have never taken funds for personal gain as alleged by my political opponents — whether from 1MDB, SRC International or other entities, as these companies have confirmed.”6 On 8 July 2015, the Prime Minister issued another statement reiterating, “I have never taken 1MDB funds for personal gain.”7
(5) The Prime Minister’s solicitors wrote a letter to WSJ seeking “clarification” of the aforementioned report.8 WSJ’s publisher replied stating, “We stand behind our fair and accurate coverage of this evolving story.”9
(6) The Prime Minister has not expressly denied that MYR2.6 billion and MYR42 million were deposited into his personal bank accounts, as reported by WSJ and SR.
(7) On 4 July 2015, the then-Attorney General of Malaysia, Tan Sri Abdul Gani bin Patail (“Tan Sri Gani”) announced that a multi-agency task force (“Special Task Force”) had 3 commenced investigation into the allegations of funds transferred to the Prime Minister’s personal bank accounts.10 The Special Task Force consisted of Tan Sri Gani; the Governor of Bank Negara Malaysia (“BNM”), Tan Sri Dato’ Sri Dr Zeti Akhtar Aziz (“Tan Sri Zeti”); the Inspector General of Police (“IGP”), Tan Sri Khalid bin Abu Bakar; and the Chief Commissioner of the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (“MACC”), Tan Sri Abu Kassim bin Mohamed.
(8) On 7 July 2015, in a joint media statement, the Special Task Force announced that based on the investigations undertaken by the agencies represented in the Special Task Force, an order to freeze six bank accounts of suspected parties was issued on 6 July 2015.11 In addition, investigators seized documents relating to 17 bank accounts from two banks to facilitate the investigation. Investigators also seized documents pertaining to noncompliance of BNM’s rules and procedures by the banks involved.
(8A) On 8 July 2015, the Special Task Force raided the office of 1MDB in Kuala Lumpur and seized documents and computers. Earlier, on 3 July 2015, the Special Task Force had also raided the offices of SRC, Gandingan Mentari Sdn Bhd and Ihsan Perdana Sdn Bhd, and also seized documents.
“Arrest Warrant for the Prime Minister — The Real Reason the Attorney General Was Fired”, and alleged that the purported draft charge sheets were the reasons for the removal of Tan Sri Gani.32 The first alleged charge sheet stated that the Prime Minister and other persons had committed corruption offences under the MACC Act 2009. The second alleged charge sheet stated that the Prime Minister, as Finance Minister and “Ameritus [sic] Advisor” to SRC, had committed criminal breach of trust under the Penal Code. Both Tan Sri Apandi33 and the MACC34 have denied the existence of these alleged charge sheets.
“donation”. 40 The MACC also announced that it intended to question the Prime Minister on the “donation”.41 To date, there has been no indication that the MACC have indeed questioned the Prime Minister.
his account. Not in UMNO but in his account. He is using this money to bribe people.
So, we want to ask, why did you stop the investigation on your 2.6bil. Where did this
money come from? Don’t tell lies about Arabs giving 2.6bil. No Arab will give to
anybody that kind of money. Nobody will give a lot of money to anybody, not that amount,
2.6bil. So, where does the money come from? The only money that can come maybe
Section 42(1)(a): to uphold the cause of justice without regard to its own interests or that of its members, uninfluenced by fear or favour; ...
Section 42(1)(d): where requested so to do, to express its view on matters affecting legislation and the administration and practice of the law in Malaysia; ...
Section 42(1)(g): to protect and assist the public in all matters touching ancillary or incidental to the law;
THEREFORE, it is hereby resolved that:
2 (a) “Arul, Shahrol no show at PAC inquiry on 1MDB”, The Star Online, 25 May 2015
(b) “Arul Kanda explains why he could meet Shahrir but not PAC”, The Malaysian Insider, 29 May 2015
3 “1MDB’s Arul, ex-CEO to face PAC in early August”, New Straits Times Online, 17 June 2015
4 “Investigators Believe Money Flowed to Malaysian Leader Najib’s Accounts Amid 1MDB Probe”, Wall Street Journal,
2 July 2015 (http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10130211234592774869404581083700187014570)
5 “SENSATIONAL FINDINGS! - Prime Minister Najib Razak’s Personal Accounts Linked To 1MDB Money Trail MALAYSIA EXCLUSIVE!”, Sarawak Report, 2 July 2015 (http://www.sarawakreport.org/2015/07/sensationalfindings-prime-minister-najib-razaks-personal-accounts-linked-to-1mdb-money-trail-malaysia-exclusive/).
6 “Najib: I have never taken funds for personal gain”, The Star Online, 3 July 2015
7 Press statement entitled “Kenyataan YAB Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Razak”, issued by the Prime Minister of Malaysia, Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib bin Tun Abdul Razak on 8 July 2015 (https://najibrazak.com/bm/blog/kenyataan-yab-dato-srimohd-najib-razak/).
8 “Najib’s lawyers ask WSJ for “clarification””, Free Malaysia Today, 8 July 2015
9 “Dow Jones stands by WSJ reports”, The Star, 8 July 2015 (http://www.thestar.com.my/News/Nation/2015/07/08/DowJones-stands-by-reports/).
10 Press statement entitled “Media Statement: Special Task Force Investigates Allegations of Funds Transferred to the Prime Minister’s Account”, issued by Tan Sri Abdul Gani Patail on 4 July 2015
11 Press statement entitled “Special Task Force Investigation on Allegations of Transfer of Funds Into Prime Minister’s Accounts”, issued by Tan Sri Abdul Gani Patail, Tan Sri Zeti Akhtar Aziz, Tan Sri Khalid Abu Bakar, Tan Sri Abu
Kassim Mohamed on 7 July 2015
12 Press statement entitled “Conduct Independent Investigation into Disclosures Relating to 1MDB Comprehensively and
with Integrity”, issued by the Malaysian Bar on 8 July 2015
13 (a) “In 1MDB-linked case, Jerome Lee freed on RM100,000 bail”, The Malaysian Insider, 24 July 2015
(b) “Datuk from 1MDB-linked company second person remanded”, The Malaysian Insider, 22 July 2015
(c) “3rd person linked to 1MDB case remanded”, The Malaysian Insider, 24 July 2015
(d) “4th person remanded in 1MDB probe, court allows bail for another”, The Malaysian Insider, 25 July 2015
(e) “Despatch rider latest to be remanded in 1MDB probe”, The Malaysian Insider, 26 July 2015
14 “Zahid: The Edge must be held responsible for inaccurate reports”, The Star Online, 24 August 2015
15 “The Edge gets show-cause letter over 1MDB reports”, MalaysiaKini, 1 July 2015,
16 “The Edge wants Home Ministry to specify offending articles on 1MDB”, The Malay Mail Online, 1 July 2015
Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission on 19 July 2015 (http://www.skmm.gov.my/Media/PressReleases/MCMC-Sekat-Laman-Sesawang-Yang-Mengganggu-gugat-Ke.aspx).
18 “How Jho Low & PetroSaudi schemed to steal money from the people of Malaysia via 1MDB”, The Edge Financial
Daily, 20 July 2015 (http://www.theedgemarkets.com/my/article/how-jho-low-petrosaudi-schemed-steal-money-peoplemalaysia-1mdb).
19 “Pua and Rafizi barred from leaving country”, MalaysiaKini, 23 July 2015
20 “The Edge’s boss faces travel ban, too” MalaysiaKini, 22 July 2015 (http://www.malaysiakini.com/news/305851).
21 (a) “The Edge Weekly, daily suspended for 3 months from July 27”, The Malaysian Insider, 24 July 2015
(b) Letter from Kementerian Dalam Negeri to Ketua Pengarang The Edge Malaysia & The Edge Financial Daily dated
23 July 2015.
22 “The Edge publisher fails to get stay on suspension order”, The Malaysian Insider, 14 August 2015
23 “The Edge’s Ho Kay Tat summoned for questioning over 1MDB reports”, The Malay Mail Online, 23 July 2015
24 “The Edge group owner, publisher summoned by police again”, New Straits Times Online, 28 July 2015
25 “Muhyiddin reiterates 1MDB board should be sacked”, The Star Online YouTube Channel, 26 July 2015
26 Press statement entitled “PELANTIKAN PEGUAM NEGARA MALAYSIA”, issued by Tan Sri Dr Ali bin Hamsa on 27 July 2015
27 “Home Ministry appoints new Special Branch director effective today”, The Malaysian Insider, 28 July 2015
28 “Malaysian PM reshuffles cabinet, dumps deputy after 1MDB criticism”, Reuters, 28 July 2015
29 “PAC members’ elevation into Cabinet puts 1MDB probe in doubt”, The Malaysian Insider, 28 July 2015
30 “Pandikar: No PAC hearing till new chair appointed”, MalaysiaKini, 30 July 2015
31 Press statement entitled “1MDB: MACC INDEPENDENT OVERSIGHT PANELS WANT INVESTIGATION TO BE INDEPENDENT AND FREE FROM INTERFERENCE”, issued by the five MACC Independent Oversight Panels on 29 July 2015
32 “ARREST WARRANT FOR THE PRIME MINISTER! - The Real Reason The Attorney General Was Fired EXCLUSIVE!”, The Sarawak Report, 30 July 2015 (http://www.sarawakreport.org/2015/07/arrest-warrant-for-theprime-minister-the-real-reason-the-attorney-general-was-fired-exclusive/).
33 “Malaysia says charge sheet against Najib is false, an attempt to topple PM”, Channel News Asia, 31 July 2015
34 “MACC lodges police report denying draft charge sheet against Najib”, The Malay Mail Online, 3 August 2015
35 Press release entitled “SPRM NAFI PEGAWAI SPRM TERLIBAT KONSPIRASI JATUHKAN KERAJAAN”, issued by the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission on 30 July 2015
36 “Police arrest DPP in today’s 1MDB sweep”, The Malaysian Insider, 1 August 2015
37 “Special Branch raids deputy public prosecutor’s office at MACC for 1MDB documents”, The Malaysian Insider, 2 August 2015 (http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/malaysia/article/special-branch-raid-deputy-public-prosecutorsoffice-at-macc-for-1mdb-docum).
38 “Police crackdown on MACC high-handed, says Paul Low”, The Malaysian Insider, 6 August 2015
39 “Allow MACC to do its work to allay public distrust, says commission’s panel”, The Malaysian Insider, 6 August 2015 (http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/malaysia/article/allow-macc-to-do-its-work-to-allay-public-distrust-sayscommissions-panel).
40 Press statement entitled “HASIL SIASATAN BERKAITAN DANA RM2.6 BILION”, issued by the Malaysian AntiCorruption Commission on 3 August 2015
41 Press statement entitled “PENJELASAN MENGENAI ISU DANA RM2.6 BILION DAN SIASATAN SRC
INTERNATIONAL”, issued by the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission on 5 August 2015
42 “Cops obtain arrest warrant for Sarawak Report founder”, The Malay Mail Online, 4 August 2015
43 “No Red Notice on Clare Rewcastle-Brown”, Free Malaysia Today, 9 August 2015
44 “1MDB special task force disbanded, says MACC”, The Malaysian Insider, 5 August 2015
45 “New task force minus MACC set up to probe 1MDB”, Free Malaysia Today, 21 August 2015
46 “MACC excluded from new task force probing 1MDB”, MalaysiaKini, 20 August 2015
47 Press statement entitled “NATIONAL REVENUE RECOVERY ENFORCEMENT TEAM (NRRET)”, issued by the
Attorney General’s Chambers on 25 August 2015
48 “IGP: Cops postpone probe on MACC info leak”, Free Malaysia Today, 9 August 2015
49 “MACC says it again: Probe on RM2.6b, SRC still ongoing”, Malay Mail Online, 23 August 2015
50 “IGP: Bank Negara officials probed under FSA”, MalaysiaKini, 13 August 2015
51 “IGP: Cops to question Bank Negara officers next over Sarawak Report info leak”, Malay Mail Online, 1 August 2015
52 “1MDB: Probe by Bank Negara done, says Zeti”, Astro Awani, 13 August 2015
(http://english.astroawani.com/malaysia-news/1mdb-probe-bank-negara-done-says-zeti-69652, on 3 September 2015).
53 “Dr Zeti: Bank Negara’s 1MDB probe finished”, The Star Online YouTube Channel, 12 August 2015
54 “RM2.6 billion donation to Najib not within Bank Negara’s purview, says Zeti”, The Malaysian Insider, 13 August 2015 (http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/malaysia/article/rm2.6-billion-donation-to-najib-not-within-bank-negaraspurview-says-zeti).
55 “Now Special Branch deputy director transferred to Prime Minister’s Department”, The Malaysian Insider, 19 August 2015 (http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/malaysia/article/special-branch-deputy-director-gets-transfer-letter-afterweeks-of-rumours).
56 “SB man to expose brains behind 1MDB clampdown”, Free Malaysia Today, 22 August 2015,
57 “Man wanted by MACC in SRC probe hiding in New Zealand, ex-SB deputy claims”, Malay Mail Online, 23 August 2015 (http://www.themalaymailonline.com/malaysia/article/man-wanted-by-macc-in-src-probe-hiding-in-new-zealandex-sb-deputy-claims).
58 “Ex-Special Branch No. 2 finally receives letter from Bukit Aman”, The Malaysian Insider, 2 September 2015
59 “Certain parties helping witnesses in SRC probe hide abroad, says ex-SB man”, The Malaysian Insider, 23 August 2015 (http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/malaysia/article/certain-parties-helping-witnesses-in-src-probe-hide-abroadsays-ex-sb-man).
60 “Ex-SB deputy given two weeks to explain media remarks on transfer”, Malay Mail Online, 3 September 2015,
61 “Former A-G officer in 1MDB probe faces deportation”, The Star Online, 20 August 2015
62 “Swimming against the tide to get to the truth”, The Star Online, 16 August 2015,
63 “HANGAT! Tun Dr Mahathir sertai Bersih 4”, Taiping kiniTV YouTube Channel, 30 August 2015
64 “PM’s Anonymous ‘Donation’ Was Transferred Back To Singapore! MAJOR EXCLUSIVE”, Sarawak Report, 14 August 2015 (http://www.sarawakreport.org/2015/08/pms-anonymous-donation-was-transferred-back-to-singaporemajor-exclusive/)
1 “MACC holds solat hajat for their staff”, The Star Online, 4 August 2015
2 “MACC director: By God, I’ll find the culprits”, Malaysiakini, 5 August 2015
3 (a) “MACC Special Operations deputy director hauled up over 1MDB probe”, Astro Awani, 5 August 2015
(b) “Another two MACC officers give police statements”, The Star Online, 4 August 2015
4 “Cops disrupted or SRC probe, decries MACC”, MalaysiaKini, 6 August 2015 (www.malaysiakini.com/news/307509).
5 “Arrest of MACC officers jeopardises investigation – MACC deputy chief”, Astro Awani, 6 August 2015
6 “Hidden hands behind arrests, hints MACC man”, MalaysiaKini, 8 August 2015
7 “Two MACC directors transferred to PM’s Department over ‘disciplinary issues’, source confirms”, MalayMail Online, 7 August 2015 (http://www.themalaymailonline.com/malaysia/article/two-macc-directors-transferred-to-pmsdepartment-over-disciplinary-issues-s).
8 “Reinstated – Two directors remain in MACC”, The Star Online, 10 August 2015
1 “RM2.6 billion masuk akaun Najib bukan isu besar, kata menteri”, The Malaysian Insider, 31 July 2015
2 “Umno allows trust account under president’s name”, Malaysiakini, 1 August 2015
3 “Rahman: ‘Safer’ if funds in Najib’s account”, The Star Online, 4 August 2015
4 “No law against political donations in Malaysia, Khairy says”, MalayMail Online, 4 August 2015
5 “Khairy: RM2.6b came from supporters”, Malaysiakini, 4 August 2015 (http://www.malaysiakini.com/news/307272).
6 “RM2.6 billion donation: Shahrir responds 15 questions by Johor MB’s son”, Astro Awani, 8 August 2015
7 “Abdul Rahman defends RM2.6b donation by overseas donors to Umno president”, The Sun Daily, 11 August 2015
8 “Donation came from ‘brotherly’ nation, says Nazri”, The Malaysian Insider, 11 August 2015
9 “Najib’s RM2.6 billion is from Saudi Arabia as thanks for fighting Isis, claims Umno leader”, The Malaysian Insider, 16 August 2015 (http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/malaysia/article/najibs-rm2.6-billion-is-from-saudi-arabia-asthanks-for-fighting-isis-claim).
10 “Zahid: RM2.6b donation was for M’sia’s anti-terrorism efforts”, The Sun Daily, 22 August 2015
11 “RM2.6b donation given is help UMNO fight ‘Jewish influenced’ DAP – Aziz Kaprawi”, Astro Awani, 22 August 2015 (http://english.astroawani.com/malaysia-news/rm2-6b-donation-given-help-umno-fight-jewish-influenced-dap-azizkaprawi-70842).
12 “RM2.6b a political donation from ‘Arab king, prince’, Umno leader reveals”, The Malay Mail Online, 23 August 2015 (http://www.themalaymailonline.com/malaysia/article/rm2.6b-a-political-donation-from-arab-king-prince-umnoleader-reveals