Only 33 human traffickers convicted in Malaysia? Was this cases of people detaining and forcing women to be sex workers?
Well, in Malaysia "trafficking in persons" have a very much broader meaning including 'forced labour' and labour exploitation...The law now says that there must be coercion as well...and there must be the object of exploitation...
So, Minister Zahid Hamidi need to give us more details of the offences that these 'human traffickers' did - Was it forced labour? Was it 'illegal activity or the removal of human organs'?
Was it for acquiring, maintaining, transfering, harbouring, providing or receiving a person?
Were the victims foreigners or local Malaysians? Well, since Malaysia's solution with regard to foreigners, is to speedily sent them out of Malaysia back to their countries of origin - thus making it difficult to have the required witnesses needed by prosecution for the purposes of conviction of these 'human traffickers'...Hence, many 'human traffickers' would easily be able to escape justice...
More details are required, and explanation must be given as to why so few have been convicted? Surely, by reason of the broad definition of 'trafficking in persons', there should have been so many more - How many companies/businesses were convicted? None?
There are so many different stages in 'trafficking of persons' - and as such for each victim, there should be quite a few different perpetrators - so why so few were convicted...
"trafficking in persons" means all actions involved in acquiring or maintaining the labour or services of a person through coercion, and includes the act of recruiting, conveying, transferring, harbouring, providing or receiving a person for the purposes of this Act; - Section 2, ANTI-TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS AND ANTI-SMUGGLING OF MIGRANTS ACT 2007
"exploitation" means all forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude, any illegal activity or the removal of human organs;
(a) threat of serious harm to or physical restraint against any person;12 Offence of trafficking in persons
(b) any scheme, plan, or pattern intended to cause a person to believe that failure to perform an act would result in serious harm to or physical restraint against any person; or
(c) the abuse or threatened abuse of the legal process;
Any person, who traffics in persons not being a child, for the purpose of exploitation, commits an offence and shall, on conviction, be punished with imprisonment for a term not exceeding fifteen years, and shall also be liable to fine.
15 Offence of profiting from exploitation of a trafficked person
Any person who profits from the exploitation of a trafficked person commits an offence and shall, on conviction, be punished with imprisonment for a term not exceeding fifteen years, and shall also be liable to a fine of not less than five hundred thousand ringgit but not exceeding one million ringgit and shall also be liable to forfeiture of the profits from the offence.