- 8 July 1963
Brunei pulled out one day before the Malaysia Agreement signed on 9 July 1963. (Brunei cannot accept with the main issue was seniority of the Sultan of Brunei and second issue was how much to pay Malaya from oil concessions and when to pay).
- 9 July 1963
Malaysia Agreement signed by the Governments of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Federation of Malaya, North Borneo (now Sabah including Labuan Island), Sarawak and Singapore in London
- 31 July 1963
Manila Accord (lists a series of Manila Declaration was signed on 3 August 1963 and Joint Statement was signed on 5 August 1963) between Malaya (now Malaysia), Indonesia and the Philippines, after a meeting of from 7 June to 5 August 1963 at Manila. This agreements agreed to abide by the wishes of the people of North Borneo (now Sabah including Labuan Island) and Sarawak within the context of United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1541 (XV), Principle 9 of the Annex, taking into account referendum in North Borneo (now Sabah including Labuan Island) and Sarawak that would be free and without coercion. which is reinforced by the Agreement relating to the implementation of the Manila Accord signed on 7 February 1966 between Malaysia and the Philippines
- 28 August 1963
Amending the Malaysia Agreement for proposed date of Malaysia Day from 31 August 1963 was substituted to 16 September 1963 signed by the Governments of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Federation of Malaya, North Borneo (now Sabah including Labuan Island), Sarawak and Singapore in Singapore. [Source: Wikipedia]
The 20 points (which relates to SABAH)
Point 1: ReligionWhile there was no objection to Islam being the national religion of Malaysia there should be no State religion in North Borneo, and the provisions relating to Islam in the present Constitution of Malaya should not apply to North Borneo.
Point 2: Language
- a. Malay should be the national language of the Federation
- b. English should continue to be used for a period of 10 years after Malaysia Day
- c. English should be an official language of North Borneo for all purposes, State or Federal, without limitation of time.
Point 3: ConstitutionWhilst accepting that the present Constitution of the Federation of Malaya should form the basis of the Constitution of Malaysia, the Constitution of Malaysia should be a completely new document drafted and agreed in the light of a free association of states and should not be a series of amendments to a Constitution drafted and agreed by different states in totally different circumstances. A new Constitution for North Borneo (Sabah) was of course essential. .
Point 4: Head of FederationThe Head of State in North Borneo should not be eligible for election as Head of the Federation, but the Ruler or Governors of Sabah and Sarawak shall be members of the Conference of Rulers its main responsibility is the election of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong.
Point 5: Name of Federation“Malaysia” but not “Melayu Raya”
Point 6: ImmigrationControl over immigration into any part of Malaysia from outside should rest with the Central Government but entry into North Borneo should also require the approval of the State Government. The Federal Government should not be able to veto the entry of persons into North Borneo for State Government purposes except on strictly security grounds. North Borneo should have unfettered control over the movements of persons other than those in Federal Government employ from other parts of Malaysia into North Borneo.
Point 7: Right of SecessionThere should be no right to secede from the Federation.
Point 8: BorneanisationBorneanisation of the public service should proceed as quickly as possible.
Point 9: British OfficersEvery effort should be made to encourage British Officers to remain in the public service until their places can be taken by suitably qualified people from North Borneo.
Point 10: CitizenshipThe recommendation in paragraph 148(k) of the Report of the Cobbold Commission should govern the citizenship rights in the Federation of North Borneo subject to the following amendments:
- a) sub-paragraph (i) should not contain the proviso as to five years residence
- b) in order to tie up with our law, sub-paragraph (ii)(a) should read “7 out of 10 years” instead of “8 out of 10 years”
- c) sub-paragraph (iii) should not contain any restriction tied to the citizenship of parents – a person born in North Borneo after Malaysia must be federal citizen.
Point 11: Tariffs and FinanceNorth Borneo should retain control of its own finance, development and tariff, and should have the right to work up its own taxation and to raise loans on its own credit.
Point 12: Special position of indigenous racesIn principle the indigenous races of North Borneo should enjoy special rights analogous to those enjoyed by Malays in Malaya, but the present Malaya formula in this regard is not necessarily applicable in North Borneo.
Point 13: State Government
- a) the Chief Minister should be elected by unofficial members of Legislative Council
- b) There should be a proper Ministerial system in North Borneo.
Point 14: Transitional periodThis should be seven years and during such period legislative power must be left with the State of North Borneo by the Constitution and not be merely delegated to the State Government by the Federal Government.
Point 15: EducationThe existing educational system of North Borneo should be maintained and for this reason it should be under state control.
Point 16: Constitutional safeguardsNo amendment modification or withdrawal of any special safeguard granted to North Borneo should be made by the Central Government without the positive concurrence of the Government of the State of North Borneo
The power of amending the Constitution of the State of North Borneo should belong exclusively to the people in the state. (Note: The United Party, The Democratic Party and the Pasok Momogun Party considered that a three-fourth majority would be required in order to effect any amendment to the Federal and State Constitutions whereas the UNKO and USNO considered a two-thirds majority would be sufficient.)