Tuesday, May 31, 2016

Lopsided Allocations of Sarawak Civil Service Positions Amongst Ethnic Groups? Selangor different under Opposition?

Civil servants are supposed to be 'colour blind', serving everyone equally irrespective of ethnicity, religion or political affiliation, but does this happen in Malaysia? Are civil servants appointed and/or promoted based on merits? 

The Ibans are still the single largest ethnic group with a population of 713,421 in 2010 ...The Chinese...  577,646 in 2010. The third largest ethnic group are the Malays with 568,113, followed by the Bidayuhs (198,473); Melanaus (123,410); other Bumiputera groups (156,436); Indians 7,411 and others 9,138.

Note that in Malaysia, the Federal Constitution in Article 153 do provide for positive discrimination - "...the Yang di-Pertuan Agong shall exercise his functions under this Constitution and federal law in such manner as may be necessary to safeguard the special position of the Malays and natives of any of the States of Sabah and Sarawak of such proportion as he may deem reasonable of positions in the public service (other than the public service of a State)..."

So, are we only talking about Federal 'public service' positions only - and not State public service positions? So, what does the State Constitution say? Does State Constitutions also provide for positive discrimination in favour of 'Malays and natives of any of the States of Sabah and Sarawak'?  Well, maybe we have to look also at the Sarawak State Constitution...

It may be important to determine the number of Malays in Malaysia, and the number of the different native groups from Sabah and Sarawak in Malaysia, and consider whether the Federal public service. How many Federal public servants in Malaysia are from the 'different native groups from Sabah and Sarawak' - we may be wanting to look at also at the positions they hold? We may wonder, for example, how many Iban, Bidayuh, Kenyah, Melanau or Penans hold positions in various Federal Ministries - and what are these positions? Remember, we need to look not just at Sarawak - but also Peninsular Malaysia and Sabah as well..

Now, the reason Borneo Post article talks about 'State civil service' - and this would be different from Federal civil service. Does the Sarawak State Constitution provide for 'special' considerations when it come to the 'state civil service'. If there is none, then reasonably the 'best' candidates will be appointed and/or promoted, and of course when it comes to dealing with the public - i.e. effective provision of service, then there must be consideration about language and maybe also other 'cultural' or 'social' consideration.

Irrespective of the considerations that come into play when it comes to appointments and/or promotions, civil servants have a duty to serve the people equally and without discrimination, in accordance with the law. Hence, their decisions should not be based on political affiliations, family ties, 'threats' or 'rewards/bribes/...'.

Now, this article in the Borneo Post attracted by attention - A case of lopsided representation, which deals with the Sarawak State Civil Service.

Well, what about Selangor State Civil Service - now ruled by the Opposition coalition government, with a PKR Menteri Besar? What is the state of the Selangor State Civil Service? Look also maybe at Selangor State owned companies and GLCs - CEOs, Board of Directors, Upper management? See some older posts concerning Selangor..

UNISEL Board of Directors - Is Pakatan Rakyat any different from BN?

Selangor State Government University - and still all members of the Board are from 1 ethnicity...and Chancellor is the PM's wife....mmmm

A case of lopsided representation

State civil service a far cry from diverse ethnicity that Sarawak is known for, say community leaders
C_PC0013603KUCHING: It is known that Sarawak is home to various ethnic groups but when it comes to the state civil service, it does not reflect the same diversity.

Currently, the state’s 2.6 million population comprises mainly the Dayaks – the Ibans, Bidayuhs and Orang Ulus – followed by the Chinese, the Malays and the Melanaus, while the rest consists of smaller ethnic groups that include the Indians and Eurasians.

However in last year’s statistics for the state civil service, the breakdown was far different from the actual racial composition.

In this respect, the Dayak and Chinese communities are seeking the assistance from Chief Minister Datuk Patinggi Tan Sri Adenan Satem in rectifying such imbalance.

According to Sarawak Dayak Graduates Association (SDGA) president Dr Dusit Jaul, statistics have indicated that the professional and management group in the state civil service appears to be biased toward a particular ethnic group.

“The Dayaks’ under-representation in the management and professional group is very obvious. This is something that we in SDGA, in particular, and the whole Dayak community in general, strongly urge the chief minister to look into.

“When our chief minister proclaims that he is a chief minister for all, we trust his words. The next five years would be for our chief minister to honestly correct this imbalance – the failure of which could lead to political liability for the ruling party going into the 12th state election,” Dusit told The Borneo Post yesterday.

He also pointed out that today’s youths were more discerning than before, in that they surely would want an explanation on the imbalance in the state civil service.

“We cannot hide facts from them, more so when it involves unfairness. Thus, true to his promise to be a leader for all, we strongly advocate for our chief minister to immediately take the necessary step to rectify this imbalance.

“We in SDGA believe that there is more than enough number of Dayaks to be promoted to higher posts in the state civil service. We also believe that Dayak officers are as equally capable as their counterparts from other ethnic groups.

“So seriously, do consider the Dayaks for management post as doing so would shield the state government from accusation of discrimination and marginalisation. The other point is that by policy and act of inclusivity, the state government would harness the best talents to administer the state – something which the Singapore government has successfully done,” explained Dusit.

The Chinese community also urged Adenan to intervene and tackle the matter seriously.

Dongzong president Temenggong Dato Vincent Lau said the community knew that this had been happening because some of those who were in the recruitment process had been irresponsible.

“This is happening not because the Dayak or the Chinese applicants are not qualified or incapable enough, but because of those responsible for recruitment – they have been making decisions without taking into consideration the ratio regarding racial composition in Sarawak.

“The selection of civil servants should be fairly distributed among those from different races. Something needed to be done to address the situation. We have been complaining and hoping that more Chinese could be recruited.  After all, in different departments, you need some Chinese to communicate properly with Chinese customers,” said Lau, urging the relevant authorities in the state that they must address the issue.

“It must be done to ensure that all races are given the same opportunity and also to maintain the balance of different races within the civil service. This is important to ensure harmony of races.”

For Sarawak Federation of Foochow Associations president Dato Dr Ngu Piew Seng, the number of Dayaks and Chinese in the civil service remained minimal, despite both communities constituting about 70 per cent of the total population.

“I hope the chief minister would do something to rectify the situation.

“I am from the Chinese community and I know that it is not true that the Chinese have been blamed for not being interested to work in the civil service. And like the Dayaks, the Chinese are always being bypassed in terms of promotion. This has to be looked into as well,” he stressed.

Ngu’s sentiment was shared by Board of Management of Kuching Chung Hua Middle School No 1, 3 and 4 chairman Richard Wee, who said that in general principle, it would be fair to reflect the composition of the state civil service in accordance with the actual racial composition in the population.

“However, there are many other factors to be considered. Primarily, the civil service needs to have a transparent system based on meritocracy for future promotions for all; rather than basing it on the previous unwritten practice of race. This is to attract the younger generation of all races to consider civil service as their chosen career path.

“The practice in the past had deterred many from joining the civil service; hence the imbalance seen in the current situation. Hopefully, there could be a change in the state government’s policy that would encourage new graduates to view the civil service differently,” said Wee.

Meanwhile, PRS Youth deputy chief Councillor Sempurai Petrus Ngelai said if the statistics released on May 31 last year were to made as a yardstick for the Group A civil servants’ proportion against the state’s racial composition, then it clearly did not reflect the government’s policy of inclusive and fairness in the civil service.

“This trend, if it were to still persist, would not be healthy for the state government as it would give the impression that other racial groups are being inadequately represented in the civil service, especially among the officers in Group A. Even with the combination of the two racial groups ((Dayaks and Chinese), they are still far less than the other group. What we worry is that people tend to speculate and perceive that state civil service is dominated by a certain racial group, which is bad for state government’s image,” he said.

Sempurai hoped that the statistics would be improved going forward, given that Adenan received overwhelming support from all the races in the recent state election.

“It is clear that the inclusivity for all races in the vision of state’s development and the rakyat (people)-oriented policy made him (Adenan) win the state election with flying colours.

“PRS Youth hopes that the Public Service Commission (PSC) and state government would improve and give equal chances to incoming junior officer of all races in the state civil service,” he said. - Borneo Post, 28/5/2016

Chinese population drops

KUCHING: Statistics show overall increase of state’s population but decline in number of Chinese .
The Chinese are the only community which showed a decline in number between 2005 and 2010 although they maintain their position as the second largest ethnic group in the state.

Based on the latest statistics obtained from the Sarawak Statistics Bulletin 2012, the Chinese population in Sarawak declined from 590,300 in 2005 to 577,646 in 2010 – a drop of 2.2 per cent.

The Ibans are still the single largest ethnic group with a population of 713,421 in 2010 — an increase of 6.4 per cent from 670,400 in 2005.

The third largest ethnic group are the Malays with 568,113, followed by the Bidayuhs (198,473); Melanaus (123,410); other Bumiputera groups (156,436); Indians 7,411 and others 9,138.

Overall, the state’s population rose from 2.3 million in 2005 to 2.47 million in 2010 – a jump of 7.4 per cent.

Among the major towns and cities, Kuching, the state capital, remains the most populous with 617,887 people in 2010 — an increase from 567,200 in 2005.

Miri, the only other urban centre in the state with city status, has the second largest population with 300,543, followed Sibu (247,995) and Bintulu (189,146).

Among the 31 towns and cities in the state, four have fewer than 20,000 people. These are Dalat with a population of only 19,062; followed by Matu (17,369); Julau (15,816) and Pakan (15,480).

Major towns with a population reaching almost 100,000 areSerian (91,599) and Samarahan (89,923).

The 2010 population of other major towns are Sri Aman (66,790); Marudi (64,018); Betong (62,131); Sarikei (58,021); Kapit (56,053); Bau (54,246); Limbang (48,186); Saratok (46,094); Mukah (42,922) and Lawas (38,385).

The rural–urban ratio of the state’s population has narrowed markedly with only 52 per cent of the people living in the rural areas.

If the rural-urban drift continues unabated, it is likely that by 2015 there might be more people living in urban centres than rural areas.

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