Tuesday, October 26, 2021

Healthcare privatization - reverse BN policy? Government universal healthcare free for all policy

Is there any political party(or coalition) that will guarantee government provided universal health care - PH Plus did not do anything towards this at all. Sad to say that most MPs or politicians may be rich enough to use private clinics and hospitals - so little focus on healthcare for the rest of those in Malaysia..

Covid-19 focused attention on public health care and government hospitals/clinics, and then the Contract Doctors HARTAL ...and, the disturbing trend is that Malaysia may be moving towards a 'pay for healthcare' policy, which means that one without money will simply not be able to get needed treatment, surgery and healthcare. 

We must not look at the amount Malaysia spend during the Covid-19 pandemic being in 2020 and 2021, but before that to understand the priority the government placed on providing free or very affordable healthcare to us in Malaysia. Most Malaysians cannot afford private healthcare - and that is reflected by the ever growing users of government hospitals and clinics. 

Many countries provide FREE Healthcare and Education too - for now, Malaysia should strive to provide all Malaysians with government healthcare - that means government hospitals, clinics. In UK, the government even reimburse cost of travel by public transport and no fees are charged for treatment. In Thailand, a minimum payment of 30 Baht(about RM3) covers everything from examination, ward charges and everything.

In terms of Malaysian government spending, in 2018 for healthcare it was just 8.5% of total government spending. Compared to other upper middle income countries, we were amongst the lowest, other countries spend 15% to 27% of government spending.(see media report below by EdgeMarkets)

In terms of GDP, in 2018 Malaysia only spend lowest at 1.92% of GDP, compared to other upper middle income countries that spend about 5-15%.

This shows the very low emphasis that the Malaysian government places on public healthcare. This must change.

After Independence (MERDEKA), the government policy and action was to ensure that everyone in Malaysia had access to government provided and financed health care. That was a fundamental right and need for all in Malaysia.

Hence, we had the General Hospitals, the Health Centres(Dispensaries), Maternity clinics, Dentists, Government Mid-Wife(Bidan)(who will visit the homes), the mobile health clinics, etc ...we still have them all over the place in Malaysia, and users of these healthcare facilities had to register and pay just RM1.

Healthcare was thus available to all including the poor including heart healthcare...

Of course, the rich and with money, could choose to go to private clinics or private hospitals, and pay for it themselves.

Malaysia moves towards privatization 

In Malaysia, sometime during the BN rule under Mahathir, things started changing with an emphasis of privatizing healthcare... hence the promotion of private hospitals, etc.

This may explain, why the government chose not to build government hospitals in locations where there were private hospitals.

I pity the people of Petaling Jaya and Subang Jaya today, for they simply do not have a Government Hospital - WHY is this? In PJ, we had a government hospital in the University Hospital - then it was corporatised, meaning possibly rates becoming higher than normal government hospitals.

The problem with private hospitals is COST - and for the poor and even middle income, it simply is not affordable. I remember an incident one night, in Subang Jaya, when a kid of a low-income family, whilst playing injured himself. The parents desperately rushed their kid to the nearest hospital, which was a private hospital - the hospital treated the kid who required a few stitches, and issued a bill of more than RM2,000. [If there was a government hospital, then all that would have had to be paid would have been RM1 or maybe a bit more, but definitely not more than RM50]

Then Heart Healthcare went under Institute Jantung Negara - now you PAY a lot if you need it. Government employees exempted but not even the POOR.More will die sooner because of lack FREE government-provided heart healthcare in Malaysia

Then, Malaysia moved towards HEALTH TOURISM - trying to woo foreigners to come and PAY and get health treatment - see Time for Ismail Merican to resign as DG of Health. Healthcare is not a 'business' - it a commitment an obligation to all in Malaysia..

DEFINITE CHANGE OF POLICY AND REFORMS NEEDED

The government is the manager of OUR money, and Malaysians should really push for government universal healthcare for free, and FREE Education

Users of government hospitals will tell you that most hospitals are operating beyond capacity - as the number of patients increase. The lack of government hospitals expansion looks like a strategy to push away those seeking healthcare to PRIVATE hospitals and clinics. We are 'forced' to go to private clinics and hospitals..

What we need is for Malaysia to provide UNIVERSAL HEALTH CARE for all. Those who do not want to use government hospitals and clinics are always free to go and use private doctors, clinics and hospitals.

What we urgently need are more government hospitals...we need to increase bed capacity, ... [It was a sad day when so many Covid-19 patients had to be deprived of needed hospital care - they had to stay home and quarantine themselves - the number of BROUGHT IN DEAD(BID) patients in Malaysia is an embarrassment - how many BID cases were Covid patients that the government said to home quarantine][There was a government hospital in Mentakab which was shut down, when the Temerloh Specialist Hospital started operating. We thought they will take the opportunity to upgrade and re-build the Mentakab General Hospital but yet to happen. A SPECIALIST HOSPITAL is not a General Hospital. They receive only cases referred by General Hospitals and maybe government clinics - and a specialist hospital serves a wider area - West Pahang.]

There was not even 'visiting doctors and medical staff' to be able to home visit these self-quarantined, and do needed professional medical check-up and monitor their conditions.

What we also need are more government health centers(Pusat/Klinik Kesihatan) that operates 24 hours - after working hours with minimal staff - doctors, nurses, pharmacists,... These will require an additional at least 3 doctors per clinic to work outside working hours for the good of the people.

Klinik 1Malaysia failed because no doctors - only a medical assistant with minimum basic medicines.

Ambulances - well, there is a serious shortage. I experienced this when my mother fell down and injured her head(she had 2 blood clots in the brain). After calling for the ambulance, a call comes saying that there is no available ambulance - and it could be hours before one was available, and I had to take her to the nearby Klinik Kesihatan - but when I arrived there, save for the guard, there were no medical staff - then had to go to another clinic around 7 Km away...

Does Malaysia have Helicopter ambulances - so needed to speedily transport patients from places far away from hospitals - especially in the rural areas. In Klang Valley, where traffic jam is common - such helicopter ambulances are also needed.

Transport services to transport the elderly and disabled to hospital and back - there is now, but very very few - a caring government would have that in place.

BUT as we have seen how little Malaysia spends on healthcare - and even less to build new hospitals/clinics/pharmacies is that the priority of healthcare for Malaysians is very low priority.

Malaysia need to spend more for healthcare - that means at least  DOUBLE what it spends now - to help the people.

According to WHO, this metric reflects the priority a government places on health. The average percentage in 2018 was 5.6% in low-income countries, 7.3% in lower-middle-income countries, 11.6% in upper-middle-income countries and 14% in high-income countries. Malaysia has progressed from 7.3% of total government expenditure in 2011 to 9.3% in 2018. However, the figure is still lower than the average among upper-middle-income countries.

PRIVATIZED HEALTHCARE can be found in some capitalist(neo liberal) countries like the USA - where, if you cannot afford to pay, you simply may not get healthcare...If you cannot pay, then you simply will not get healthcare or treatment ....full stop. Is this what Malaysians want.

The Malaysian national budget for 2021 is RM322. 5 billion (~US$77 billion). The Ministry of Health's total budget for next year is RM31. 9 billion (~US$7.6 billion) - that was slightly less than 10%
So, Malaysian government is asking us to spend more and buy our own health/medical insurances - this is an avoidance of government responsibility to provide healthcare. 
 
So, Malaysians decide whether Malaysia should provide public healthcare to all - even if you can afford private healthcare, decide for the rest of us in Malaysia.
 
 

 

Cover Story: Malaysia’s healthcare allocation lags behind peer group average but rising, World Bank, WHO data shows

This article first appeared in The Edge Malaysia Weekly, on July 26, 2021 - August 01, 2021.
(Photo by Suhaimi Yusuf/The Edge)

(Photo by Suhaimi Yusuf/The Edge)

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IN recent months, the public has been bombarded with news that Malaysia’s public healthcare system is in “critical condition” as Covid-19 admissions swamp hospitals. Meanwhile, social media is flooded with images of the dire situation, including pictures of Covid-19 patients being attended to on the floor at a major hospital that has run out of beds.

Against this backdrop, one cannot help but wonder whether the country has put enough financial resources into the public healthcare system, especially for this long-drawn-out pandemic.

Recall that after Budget 2021 was unveiled last November, the Malaysian Health Coalition was especially vocal about the healthcare allocation. It said the 4.3% increase in the healthcare budget to RM31.9 billion in 2021, excluding the additional funds allocated under the Covid-19 Fund, was insufficient.

The coalition had earlier called for the healthcare allocation to be raised to 4% of gross domestic product (GDP).

An analysis of public healthcare spending over the last 10 years shows the number in absolute terms rising 82%, from RM16.85 billion in 2011 to RM31.9 billion in 2021. That is expected, owing to population growth, inflation and the economic progress of the country.

As a percentage of total government spending, the healthcare expenditure allocation has also inched up in the last 10 years, from 7.3% in 2011 to 9.9% in 2021.

However, healthcare allocation as a percentage of GDP has not moved much over the last decade. In 2011, the healthcare allocation, which comprised both development and operating expenditure, worked out to 2.4% of GDP. By 2021, healthcare made up only 2.2% of GDP.

Throughout the 10 years, the number ranged between a low of 2% in 2018 and a high of 2.5% of GDP in 2012 as well as 2013.

Does this mean Malaysia has been underinvesting in the healthcare sector over the last decade?

According to data from the World Bank, which is provided up to 2018, the Malaysian government’s healthcare expenditure does lag behind the average of 3.84% of GDP among upper-middle-income countries.

Note that government healthcare expenditure as a percentage of GDP among upper-middle-income countries ranges widely, with the highest at 15.21% and the lowest at 0.59% in 2018.

Meanwhile, for high-income countries, the average government healthcare expenditure amounted to 5.23% of GDP. Like upper-middle-income countries, government healthcare expenditure ranges widely — between 1.36% and 9.27% of GDP.

In a report titled “Global Spending on Health 2020: Weathering the storm”, the World Health Organization (WHO) highlights that there is no clear correlation between income and percentage of healthcare spending within any income group.

“The policy choices that each country makes in the organisation of its health financing system, as well as differences in epidemiological patterns, have important implications for health spending levels and likely explain much of the observed variation,” it notes.

Take, for example, Thailand, which is in the upper-middle-income country category, like Malaysia. In 2018, World Bank data showed that the country’s government healthcare expenditure amounted to 2.9% of GDP compared with Malaysia’s 2%.

It is worth noting that Thailand and Malaysia finance healthcare differently. Thailand, which achieved universal healthcare in 2002, funds its healthcare through three major insurance schemes — one for government employees and dependants, another for the private sector and the Universal Coverage Scheme (UCS) for the remaining citizens. Only the UCS is funded completely by the government; the other two insurance schemes are on a premium basis.

As for Malaysia, the public healthcare system is financed largely through the federal government revenue, which is derived mainly from taxes. An allocation is made in the budget each year by the Ministry of Finance. It should be highlighted that Malaysia’s public healthcare system is one of the better ones when it comes to affordability for its citizens, with Malaysians paying a minimal amount to receive the necessary treatment.

While the government healthcare expenditure as a percentage of GDP has remained the same over the last decade, government healthcare spending as a share of total government spending has increased slightly.

According to WHO, this metric reflects the priority a government places on health. The average percentage in 2018 was 5.6% in low-income countries, 7.3% in lower-middle-income countries, 11.6% in upper-middle-income countries and 14% in high-income countries.

Malaysia has progressed from 7.3% of total government expenditure in 2011 to 9.3% in 2018. However, the figure is still lower than the average among upper-middle-income countries.

To be fair, the percentage that is below the average of other upper-middle-income countries may not be the best indicator, given the wide range of each income group. Within the upper-middle-income-country group, the number ranged between 3% and 28% in 2018.

It is no different among the high-income-country group as well. Data shows that the Japanese government spends the most on healthcare, at 23.6% of total government expenditure, whereas the Qatari government spends only 6.3% of its total government expenditure on public healthcare.

That said, the overall share of health spending by governments has risen over the years in both upper-middle- and high-income countries.

This is likely to increase further in 2020 and 2021 as governments worldwide procure vaccines and equip their healthcare professionals with more financial resources to fight the pandemic.

In 2020, initial estimates put Malaysia’s healthcare allocation as a percentage of total government expenditure at 10.2%. Budget 2021 shows, however, that the allocation fell to 9.9% as a percentage of the budget. This is because Budget 2021 includes a RM17 billion Covid-19 fund that is separate from the various ministries allocation.

The actual health spending made by the government for 2021 will be known only two years later.

The Covid-19 pandemic has put a strain on healthcare worldwide, including in Malaysia. Even Taiwan, which had been lauded for keeping Covid-19 infection numbers low earlier on, has seen a resurgence in cases. In 2018, the country’s health expenditure amounted to 6.6% of GDP.

Currently, Taiwan is seeing a 7-day average of 22 cases from its peak of 597 in May.

Its success in the early days, notes observers, was due to rigorous testing and contact tracing, isolation of positive cases and quarantining of close contacts. Population-based measures such as the wearing of face masks, physical distancing and avoidance of mass gatherings were effectively implemented.

Now, Taiwan faces a different challenge: The vaccination rate is extremely low, with only 0.7% of its population inoculated. Its success in keeping the virus at bay had prompted many to believe that vaccination was not necessary. There is also widespread distrust of vaccines among the general public.

On the other hand, Malaysia’s vaccination rate has risen dramatically in recent weeks, making it one of the highest in the world. As at July 22, 15.07% of the population were fully inoculated and 32.34% had received at least the first dose.

- Edge Markets, 5/8/2021

Cover Story: Expectations of higher healthcare and R&D spend may rebalance DevEx allocations in 12MP

This article first appeared in The Edge Malaysia Weekly, on September 20, 2021 - September 26, 2021.
Cover Story: Expectations of higher healthcare and R&D spend may rebalance DevEx allocations in 12MP
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HEALTHCARE is expected to receive a higher fiscal allocation from the federal government in the post-Covid-19 world under the 12th Malaysia Plan (12MP; 2021-2025), not just to ease the strain on the public healthcare system but also to bolster the country’s capability to prevent and tackle any future pandemic.

While the country’s public healthcare system does offer citizens the option of more affordable treatment, there is the question of financial sustainability and coverage adequacy as society ages. Local health experts, as well as global organisations like the World Bank, have said the government needs to raise the amount allocated annually in the national budget for the public healthcare system. What Malaysia spends on healthcare (2% to 2.5% of GDP) lags the average spending of 3.84% of GDP among upper-middle-income countries in 2018, the World Bank noted in its Global Spending on Health 2020: Weathering the Storm report. To make up for years of underinvestment, the Malaysian Health Coalition, for instance, last year urged the government to allocate at least 4% of GDP to the public healthcare system every year. This includes both operating expenditure as well as development expenditure.

There was a marked increase in allocation to the Ministry of Health (MoH) in 2021, according to expenditure estimates when Budget 2021 was tabled in November 2020. Apart from the RM27.2 billion allocated for operating expenses — RM17.08 billion of which was for emoluments plus another RM1.9 billion for contract staff — some RM4.72 billion was allocated for development expenditure. The RM4.72 billion was 6.8% of the RM69 billion budgeted for development expenditure in Budget 2021 and is sizeable relative to the RM2.68 billion allocated in 2020 as well as the RM8.61 billion allocated (and spent) during the five-year period between 2016 and 2020 covered by the 11th Malaysia Plan (11MP).

The RM8.61 billion was 3.4% of the total RM253.15 billion spent and allocated for development expenditure between 2016 and 2020 covered by 11MP — making it the 10th highest recipient among about 30 ministries and departments allocated development expenditure. Except for a year-on-year decline of about RM21.3 million between 2016 and 2017, annual allocation to the MoH grew every year in absolute terms for each of the years under 11MP, with a marked increase seen for 2020 as well as for Budget 2021, official figures show.

Even so, there is a need to raise budgets for R&D in healthcare as well as other areas that can help build up Malaysia’s future competitive advantage.

Of the RM4.72 billion allocated for development expenditure under the MoH alone in Budget 2021, only RM21.86 million was for R&D, compared with RM15 million for health tourism. The larger allocation was RM2.86 billion for hospital facilities, RM589 million for equipment and vehicles, and RM366 million for a new hospital. Malaysia may well have allocations for R&D parked under other ministries, given that World Bank data showed the country spending 1.44% of its GDP on R&D in 2016 — less than South Korea’s 4%-plus of GDP but comparable with Singapore’s 2.08% of GDP, which is about the same size as Malaysia’s but has less than one-fifth of the population at only 5.7 million versus Malaysia’s 32 million.

Vaccine race

More recent data for Malaysia’s R&D spend, however, is not immediately known. What is certain is that Malaysia is already late as regional governments race to set up facilities to manufacture high-tech jabs in a bid to secure their own future vaccine needs as well as build internal capacity for a new sought-after export.

South Korea’s Samsung Biologics and Thailand’s Siam Bioscience already manufacture AstraZeneca’s Covid-19 vaccine. South Korea has also secured deals with Moderna and Novavax while Germany’s BioNTech, which co-developed its vaccine with Pfizer, is setting up a manufacturing plant in Singapore to produce hundreds of millions of doses of the mRNA-based vaccine annually.

In Malaysia, Pharmaniaga Bhd, which has a “fill-and-finish” facility for Covid-19 vaccine manufactured by China’s Sinovac, said in June that it “aims to accelerate the growth of the halal vaccine manufacturing business with various types of vaccine development projects” and that the facility is “targeted to start operating in 2024”.

As the country celebrated Malaysia Day on Sept 16, Indonesian Health Minister Budi Gunadi Sadikin told Reuters that the archipelago is in talks with the World Health Organization (WHO) and six drug companies to become a “technology transfer hub” to manufacture new-generation vaccines that can be quickly adapted to handle new virus variants — telling the latter that Indonesia would prioritise its purchase of Covid-19 vaccines from companies that shared technology and set up facilities in the world’s fourth most populous country with more than 276 million people.

Apart from vaccine-making, the ability to manufacture Covid-19 test kits as well as faster and cheaper ways to accurately trace and isolate cases would also provide an added advantage. In May, for instance, Singapore approved the use of a Covid-19 breath test that gave results within a minute that was developed by Breathonix Pte Ltd, a healthtech start-up of the National University of Singapore. The breath analysis that is installed at border points with Malaysia will reportedly be carried out alongside Covid-19 antigen rapid tests. MyEG Services Bhd in May entered into a memorandum of understanding with Breathonix to introduce the rapid breath test in Malaysia.

It remains to be seen if Malaysia will trim allocations for other ministries to be able to raise allocations for the MoH — both for the release of the five-year 12MP on Sept 27 as well as the upcoming Budget 2022 on Oct 29.

Half of DevEx goes to four ministries

According to The Edge’s compilation of data on development expenditure that had been publicly released at the time of writing, close to half of the RM253 billion allocation for development expenditure under 11MP (2016-2020) went to four ministries — the Prime Minister’s Department, Ministry of Finance (MoF), Ministry of Works and Ministry of Rural Development.

Under Budget 2021, the first under the five-year period covered by 12MP, some 31% of the RM69 billion in development expenditure went to the MoF (RM14.12 billion or 20.5% of allocation) and the Prime Minister’s Department (RM7.22 billion or 10.5%).

The Prime Minister’s Department received the highest allocation under 11MP at 16% of the total allocation over the five-year period. In 2016, its allocation of RM11.79 billion was 28.1% of the total development expenditure. Similarly, its allocation of RM11.01 billion was 24.5% of the total development allocation in 2017. Allocation for development expenditure to the Prime Minister’s Department saw a marked decline in 2018 and 2019 when the Ministry of Economic Affairs was carved out and given a separate allocation.

It was also in 2018 that allocations for development expenditure under the MoF became the highest of all the ministries — something which continued in 2019 (actual spending) as well as 2020 and 2021, according to preliminary and budget estimates for those years.

For Budget 2021, the RM14.12 billion allocated to MoF was 20.5% of the total allocation for development expenditure. Of this amount, RM13.6 billion came under “various capital injections” (pelbagai suntikan modal), according to expenditure estimates by the federal government.

“Various capital injections” accounted for the bulk of development expenditure by the MoF in 2019 and 2020 as well, making up 63.4% and 84.2% of the total allocation to the ministry at RM5.16 billion and RM8.13 billion in 2019 and 2020 respectively. This was up from RM70 million allocated for the same purpose in 2018. More than RM1 billion a year was allocated to a “Facilitation Fund” under MoF in 2018 and 2019, an amount that was reduced to RM300 million in 2020 and did not appear in 2021, according to broad breakdowns in the Federal Government Expenditure Estimates.

The Ministry of Works and the Ministry of Rural Development each accounted for just over 10% of the total allocation for development expenditure under 11MP, followed by between 6% and 7% each for the Ministry of Transport and Ministry of Defence.

Allocation for development expenditure for the Ministry of Education under 11MP would have been RM20.2 billion, or about 8% of the total allocation if one were to combine the allocations to the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Higher Education (see table).

Whether these allocations yield the intended benefits for the country, people and economy lies in how well the spending is targeted and programmes executed.

 

More resources for development expenditure from 2023, says Tok Pa

Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department (Economy) Datuk Seri Mustapa Mohamed, who oversaw the preparation of the 9th Malaysia Plan (2006-2010) a decade and half ago, was tasked to ensure that the nation’s latest five-year plan can correct long-standing structural vulnerabilities that have been amplified by the Covid-19 pandemic. Here’s what he told The Edge ahead of the tabling of the 12th Malaysia Plan (12MP) on Sept 27.

 

The Edge: The 12MP has been delayed for over one year and the pandemic means that it needs to be better than all other plans. What can you tell people who have high hopes for the 12MP, and sceptics who think this is just going to be same talk but not much change?

Datuk Seri Mustapa Mohamed: Yes, expectations from the people are high. The country and the people have been going through a difficult period in the past 18 months because of Covid-19. Economic activities have been severely disrupted by the unprecedented health and economic crises. Unemployment hit the highest level in almost three decades at 5.3% in May last year. More than 600,000 households from the M40 fell into the B40 category in 2020 and our poverty rate increased from 5.6% in 2019 to 8.4% in 2020. Nevertheless, economic recovery is picking up pace as more and more states have moved from Phase 1 to Phases 2 and 3 in the National Recovery Plan. More economic sectors are being allowed to operate. This will help to generate more jobs and business opportunities.

The 12MP is transformative in nature. It will introduce a number of bold reforms in many areas to address structural issues that have stifled growth, especially those arising from the pandemic.

The 12MP aims to restore economic growth while developing an inclusive society and balanced development based on the spirit of Keluarga Malaysia.

Of course, implementation is important. Thus, the plan will also give more emphasis on ramping up our capacity and efficiency in implementing it. We hope everyone will keep us, the government, on our toes. We will set up a robust mechanism involving civil society, business organisations and the public to provide feedback on the implementation of the plan.

 

Development expenditure for 12MP (2021-2025) is expected be the biggest to date. Often, development expenditure is cut when there is revenue shortfall and/or an increase in operating expenditure. Is there a commitment to making sure development expenditure would not be cut? How are you making sure that it would not be cut to accommodate any increase in operating expenditure?

With the current economic conditions, the fiscal position of the government will remain challenging in 2021 and 2022. Revenue collections have been badly affected by economic contraction. On the other hand, expenditure has increased substantially, especially operating expenditure, mainly to support Covid-19-related spending. The fiscal deficit is expected to increase to between 6.5% and 7% this year and the government is planning to raise the debt ceiling to 65% of GDP.

Nevertheless, development expenditure is important to support socioeconomic development and economic growth, especially in less developed states like Kedah, Kelantan, Perlis, Sabah, Sarawak and Terengganu.

We need to continue investing in infrastructure like schools, roads, bridges and digital infrastructure. These are the important drivers in uplifting the quality of life of the people. We need to do more for Sabah, Sarawak and the poorer states.

In 2021, which is the first year of the 12MP, RM69 billion* has been allocated for development projects. This is higher than the 11MP, where an average of about RM50 billion a year was allocated.

Even though more resources have to be allocated for initiatives in combating the Covid-19 pandemic, the government is committed to ensuring development projects that are already on the ground running will be continued.

As the economy recovers, we expect more resources to be made available for development expenditure from 2023 onwards, when Covid-19 is expected to be endemic and the economy returns to normalcy, insya-Allah.

* Revised to RM68.2 billion in the pre-budget statement on Aug 31, 2021. - Edge Markets, 30/9/2021

 


 

Monday, October 25, 2021

Ahmad Maslan - Impact to UMNO/BN in Melaka and subsequent elections? Courts' hand tied, but not the peoples'?

Once ACQUITTED, cannot be charged again for same offence - the possibly guilty gets off scot free -  MACC/Prosecutor and courts cannot do anything - but the people still can do something? UMNO/BN can do something about Ahmad Maslan but....

Ahmad Maslan remains the Secretary General of UMNO and the BN? Well, if this is so, then will this not affect the IMAGE and credibility of these parties. Will it affect how people will vote during the upcoming Melaka State Elections, and future elections.

Ahmad Maslan was charged for 2 charges(see below for the charges), and then under the reign of the new BN-PN Plus government, prosecution discontinued mid-trial - and he was subsequently acquitted by the Judge. 

He accepted a COMPOUND OFFER of RM1.1 million, and paid it. Will any innocent person accept such compound offers? An innocent person would endeavor to prove his/her innocence...and the best way was to go on with the trial, and hope that at the end of trial, the court finds you 'NOT GUILTY'. Acceptance and payment of compound is an acknowledgment of guilt. [For small offences, like speeding or not wearing safe mask, compound is not a problem - but for serious offences, compound must be abolished]

Former deputy finance minister and Pontian Member of Parliament (MP) Datuk Seri Ahmad Maslan was on Wednesday acquitted of charges of money laundering and giving a false statement against him after he agreed to pay a compound of RM1.1 million.

"This stems from the fact that the accused has accepted the offer of a compound and duly paid it. I hereby order the accused to be acquitted of the two charges and the hearing dates are vacated," the judge said.

Remember, Compounds are offered to the reasonably suspected, and one accepts and pay compounds to avoid being charged and tried in court. Normally, compound offers comes at a very early stage, certainly before one is charged in court ...but Ahmad Maslan's case is an ODDITY - as trial had begun and 24 witnesses had already testified...

Hence, Ahmad Maslan 'admitted' by paying the said compound - so, there is no question as to the innocence, is there?

Next, we know that Ahmad Maslan then in Parliament admitted receiving the monies from Najib - although he said it was only for a lesser amount of RM1.1 million, not RM2 million as per the charge. You steal RM1 or RM1,000, you are still guilty of theft..

So, after all this, what did UMNO and Barisan Nasional do? This is crucial as it tells you about the said parties..

Now, if it was an elected party position - i.e. the members of the party voted you as the President, Vice President, Secretary General, Supreme Council member, then the party cannot (or will find it very difficult) to remove someone from such elected position...BUT, in the case of Ahmad Maslan, he was NOT ELECTED BY MEMBERS to be UMNO SG - he was appointed by the UMNO '...party's supreme council meeting at Putra World Trade Center...' on 12/3/2020, and that means he could also be removed at any time by UMNO's leadership... But, he remains and has been a vocal spokesperson of the party until now..

When Ahmad Maslan was appointed UMNO SG, he was already charged - Well, that does not matter, as one is presumed innocent until convicted in court...'

That changed drastically when he ACCEPTED AND PAID THE OFFERED COMPOUND for that charges. He admitted wrongdoing.

Added on, his admission in Parliament to receiving a lesser sum..

TRUE that ACQUITTALS he received is a permanent bar that will protect him from being charged again for the same offence - But, that does not prove him INNOCENT, does it?

So, would not the maintaining of Ahmad Maslan in these party appointed position affect the party's image and credibility? 

So, how will Malaysians react now? 

Will UMNO and the BN demonstrate that they will not tolerate LYING to MACC(or Law Enforcement Agencies) and not declaring income received to Income Tax? Will UMNO and BN clarify that they are Anti-Money Laundering, Anti-Terrorism Financing and Proceeds of Unlawful Activities Act 2001? This can be done by maybe the removal of Ahmad Maslan from the position of Secretary General, and also taking maybe disciplinary action against him.

Will not taking action mean they are OK with such law breaking by their party members/leaders but not others? 

Public Prosecutor and Courts may no longer have the power to act against Ahmad Maslan, despite his subsequent 'admission' but the people still have that power. They can choose not to vote for Ahmad Maslan and his parties(UMNO and BN).

If one votes for parties that have done wrong, indirectly the people are condoning law breaking - and maybe even preferential treatment of party members/leaders...

Worse is the fact that Ahmad Maslan seem to have not yet apologized for breaking Malaysian laws...or has he? If he apologizes, maybe people may forgive him...

Here, the 2nd charge against Ahmad Maslan is important - that was about making false statements  

For the second charge, he was accused of making false statements to Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) officials. He was charged under Section 32(8)(c) under the same Act, for the act allegedly committed in the Media Room in Parliament on July 4,2019.

In the case Ahmad Maslan, the first charge was money laundering by not declaring the RM2mil he allegedly received from former Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak when filing taxes for year 2013. He was charged in January 2020 under Section 4(1)(a) of Anti-Money Laundering, Anti-Terrorism Financing and Proceeds of Unlawful Activities Act 2001 for the act which was allegedly committed on April 30,2014, at the Inland Revenue Board branch in Jalan Duta.  

See earlier related posts:-

Public prosecutor must explain Ahmad Maslan’s acquittal, says group (Malaysian Insight)

Ahmad Maslan's acquittal raises much concern - a MADPET statement

Ahmad Maslan can bravely admit to the crime, because an Acquital means he can never be charged again for the said offences again?

 

 





Ahmad Maslan is new Umno sec-gen


  • Nation
  • Thursday, 12 Mar 2020

KUALA LUMPUR: Umno has appointed Datuk Seri Ahmad Maslan (pic) as its new secretary-general and Shahril Hamdan as its information chief.

Ahmad Maslan, who is Pontian MP, will be replacing Tan Sri Annuar Musa who was recently appointed as the Federal Territories Minister.

Shahril, who was the party's deputy youth chief, will be replacing Datuk Seri Dr Shamsul Anuar Nasarah, who is now Energy and Natural Resources Minister.

"The president has announced the appointment of Ahmad Maslan as the new secretary-general and Shahril Hamdan as the party's information chief.

"We congratulate the two of them," said Annuar Musa after the party's supreme council meeting at Putra World Trade Center on Thursday (March 12). - Star, 12/3/2020

 

Friday, October 22, 2021

Our Money - Najib tax payment of RM1.6 billion, and Nazifuddin taxes of RM37.6 million? Last appeal to Federal Court will decide if Najib failed to pay taxes or not?

Perception of administration of justice is becoming a major concern...

Not paying TAXES - everyone has to pay a certain percentage of income(after permissible deductions) as income tax..

Malaysians have to pay about 24% of taxable income...

So, if Najib really has to pay taxes of RM1.6 billion, then his taxable income was about RM6.4 billion. (The High Court and the Court of Appeal decisions say so, and now Najib has appealed to the Federal Court - and a stay of execution of judgment has been granted until the Federal Court hears and decide on the appeal.)

On July 22 last year(2020), the High Court allowed the IRB's application for a summary judgment to be entered against Najib, 68, in its suit to recover RM1.69 billion in taxes from the latter for the period between 2011 and 2017.  
Court of Appeal (Sept 9, 2021): Former premier Datuk Seri Najib Razak a his son Datuk Mohd Nazifuddin have failed in their appeal against a court decision to allow a summary judgment against them over unpaid taxes of RM1.69 billion and RM37.64 million respectively.

For a better understanding of Najib's tax case:-

July 2020 - High Court - summary judgment entered against Najib

September 2021 - Court of Appeal dismisses Najib's appeal. Grants an interim stay of today’s judgment pending further appeal at the Federal Courton the condition that the notice of appeal is filed at the apex court latest by next week.

21/10/2021 - Court of Appeal allowed a temporary stay of a judgment pending the hearing of their bid for leave to appeal in the Federal Court. [Before the appeal comes before the Federal Court, the appellant need to first get LEAVE of the Federal Court to appeal - and in the Najib's case, we are at this LEAVE stage - will the Federal Court grant Leave or Not, and if leave is granted, the the Federal Court will hear and decide on the appeal]

*** Noting the interim stay granted in September 2021, this new stay is not a big deal, and it is only until the hearing of the leave application - maybe later, another stay application may be needed if leave granted until Federal Court hears and decide on the appeal. 

{Note all that has happened in court is based on media report, not after perusing the court judgments}

 

It is shameful when our leaders(Members of Cabinet/MPs/ADUNs) set a bad example by not declaring income or paying income tax...or paying taxes..  

Now, if Najib had paid his taxes, then that RM1.69 billion could have been used by the government in their war against Covid-19

- That money could have even provided monthly minimum income for all those who lost their jobs/income

- It could have gone to buying need medical equipment...

When some of the RICH evade or delay payment of taxes, it puts our government in a difficult position - the government may have to apply for LOANs..

Remember Ahmad Maslan's charge was also about non-declaration to income tax...

In the case Ahmad Maslan, the first charge was money laundering by not declaring the RM2mil he allegedly received from former Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak when filing taxes for year 2013. He was charged  - Ahmad Maslan's acquittal raises much concern - a MADPET statement

When caught, it is sad that some come up with excuses like 'oh...it was not for me, but for my political party...or some charity' - it is rather pathetic. If not caught, would they say the same???

The question is simply whether you received the monies - It matters not whether you spent it for yourself, gave some of the monies to charity, donated it to your political party, etc.. or even later returned the monies. 

TAX EXEMPTION usually guaranteed to limited charities. I believe that there should be no 'tax exemption' for donation to political parties or politicians.

If someone want to make a donation to a political party or some charity - then, they will directly donate the money to that political party to its bank accounts...

It was sad that that Ahmad Maslan 

Former deputy finance minister Datuk Seri Ahmad Maslan claims to have been victimised owing to lack of laws to regulate political funding, resulting in him being part of the "court cluster" following a money laundering charge.

Malaysia must work towards showing the world that Malaysian law and the administration of justice does not discriminate. Even Prime Ministers that break the law will be investigated and prosecuted. 

Recent cases of mid-trial discontinuance, followed by ACQUITTALS is worrisome. Recent 'deals' with suspects and/or accused is also disconcerting. Offer of compounds for crimes like corruption and kleptocracy crimes also of concern.

See related posts:- 

Ahmad Maslan's acquittal raises much concern - a MADPET statement

Ahmad Maslan can bravely admit to the crime, because an Acquital means he can never be charged again for the said offences again?

Public prosecutor must explain Ahmad Maslan’s acquittal, says group (Malaysian Insight)

29 Bribery Charges - mid-trial discontinuance and acquittal - Time to Abolish ACQUITAL safe for after trial/close of prosecution case?

AG/MACC must Apologize and Compensate Ehsanuddin after 29 Bribery Charge Withdrawn after 2 years - MADPET

Ehsanuddin(a former UMNO MP) - "repayment of monies = acquittal", loan not corrruption? OR incompetency/abuse of MACC/Prosecution? 

Riza Aziz case, the AG's statement? Money recovered from Najib's and Rosmah's house belong to Riza? 

Riza Aziz - Pay back 43%(US$108 million) of what he allegedly took? Compounded for what and how much- US$620 million? US270 million? Justice?


Najib, son allowed to defer payment of RM1.69bil and RM37.6mil in tax arrears

PUTRAJAYA: The Court of Appeal has allowed a temporary stay of a judgment which ordered Datuk Seri Najib Razak and his son Datuk Mohd Nazifuddin to pay RM1.69 billion and RM37.6 million respectively in tax arrears.

A three-man bench led by Datuk Azizah Nawawi unanimously allowed the father and son's application on grounds that there were special circumstances for a stay pending the hearing of their bid for leave to appeal in the Federal Court.

"We find that there are special circumstances that warrants us to exercise our discretion to allow an interim stay of the execution of summary judgment in both applications until the hearing of the leave application in the Federal Court," the judge said.

Judges Datuk M.Gunalan and Datuk Che Ruzima Ghazali also presided in the proceeding which was conducted via Zoom.

The High Court, earlier this year dismissed Najib and his son's bid to stay the summary judgement order obtained by the Inland Revenue Board (IRB) against them.

The IRB on Feb 4, issued bankruptcy notices against the duo following their failure to pay the sums.

Earlier, during submissions lawyer Tan Sri Muhammad Shafee Abdullah who represented Najib and Nazifuddin argued that there were special circumstances for a stay to be granted.

He said there would be a trail of repercussions which are irreparable such as Najib losing his position as a Member of Parliament (MP) and will no longer be able to contest in any elections if he was declared a bankrupt.

He also argued that there was bad faith conducted on part of the government to declare Najib bankrupt as there were clear errors in the additional assessments.

He said the IRB had maliciously calculated as income the donations his client received from the late King Abdullah from Saudi Arabia which had been refunded, the interbank transfers within Najib's bank accounts and cancelled cheques, among others.

"This is rather a mala fide (bad faith) eagerness to declare my client bankrupt despite the obvious deformity of assessment," he said.

Shafee said Nazifuddin has been negotiating to settle the certain amount due and had paid RM30,000 in spite of his protest against the summary judgement order.

On the other hand, he said Najib is fighting against the order as none of the latter's tax were due, not a single cent.

"The accounting itself is totally flawed," Shafee added.

Meanwhile, senior revenue counsel Dr Hazlina Hussain who acted for IRB in objecting the stay application said the reasons stated by the lawyer were not special circumstances which warrants a stay.

She said the allegation that the IRB had acted in bad faith in the recovery action was unfounded.

On the contention involving the assessment, Hazlina said the matter must be decided by the Special Commissioner of Income Tax (SCIT) as it involves the merits of the assessment.

On July 22 last year, the High Court allowed the IRB's application for a summary judgment to be entered against Najib, 68, in its suit to recover RM1.69 billion in taxes from the latter for the period between 2011 and 2017.

Najib was ordered to pay the sum.

The government, through IRB, filed the suit against Najib on June 25, 2019, asking him to settle the unpaid tax with interest at 5 per cent, a year from the date of judgment, as well as costs and other relief deemed fit by the court.

On July 6 last year, the High Court ordered Nazifuddin, 38, to pay RM37,644,810.73 in unpaid taxes to the IRB.

This was after a summary judgment order was entered in the IRB's tax arrears suit seeking to recoup the unpaid amount from Nazifuddin between 2011 and 2017.

The suit was filed against him on July 24 last year.

On Feb 4, the board issued bankruptcy notices against the Pekan member of parliament and his son following their failure to pay the sums.- NST, 21/10/2021

Najib and son’s tax appeal dismissed by appellate court

  

PUTRAJAYA (Sept 9): Former premier Datuk Seri Najib Razak and his son Datuk Mohd Nazifuddin have failed in their appeal against a court decision to allow a summary judgment against them over unpaid taxes of RM1.69 billion and RM37.64 million respectively.

“We find no merit in these two appeals and no error in the judgment of the two High Court judges which should be corrected by this court.

“Thus both appeals are dismissed with costs of RM10,000 each,” said Court of Appeal judge Datuk Abdul Karim Abdul Jalil in a unanimous decision.

Shafee then asked the Court of Appeal for an interim stay of today’s judgment pending further appeal at the Federal Court.

After brief deliberations, Justice Abdul Karim allowed the stay application on the condition that the notice of appeal is filed at the apex court latest by next week.

In his submission during a virtual hearing today, Shafee argued that Section 106(3) of the Income Tax Act 1967 infringed upon Najib and Nazifuddin’s constitutional rights as it allowed IRB’s imposition of a summary judgment without hearing their defence.  

He submitted that it violated his clients’ rights under Article 5 (touching on liberty of a person) and Article 8 (equal protection of the law) in relation to Article 121 (court’s power to hear an application) of the Federal Constitution. 

Hazlina, however, argued that this is not the case, as the matter can be referred to the Special Commissioners of Income Tax, which the former premier and his son have already done.

Najib was watching the proceedings via Zoom. 

The summary judgment was entered on the former premier by Justice Ahmad Bache on July 22 last year, where he is required to pay RM1.69 billion in income tax arrears.

Justice Ahmad on June 14 this year also dismissed Najib’s application for a stay in paying the amount.

The government through the IRB also filed bankruptcy proceedings against Najib at the High Court in April.

Another High Court judge, Datuk Ahmad Zaidi Ibrahim, on July 6 last year entered summary judgment on Nazifuddin, ordering him to pay RM37.64 million in unpaid taxes to the IRB for the period between 2011 and 2017.

In May this year, the IRB instituted bankruptcy proceedings against Nazifuddin.

S Kanagaraju & Surin Murugiah - Edge Markets, 9/9/2021

 

Thursday, October 21, 2021

Single Mother of 9 sentenced to death for drug trafficking raises urgency for abolition of death penalty, and need for just sentences for drug offences ?

 

Media Statement – 20/10/2021

Single Mother of 9 sentenced to death for drug trafficking raises urgency for abolition of death penalty, and need for just sentences for drug offences

Hairun Jalmani, 55, a single mother of nine was sentenced to death at the Tawau High Court Sabah last Friday after being found guilty of drug trafficking three years ago. The accused, a fish seller, was charged with possessing syabu weighing 113.9g in an unnumbered house in Kampung Pangkalan Wakuba, Batu 15, Jalan Apas, Tawau, Sabah at 5.30pm, on Jan 10, 2018.

In Malaysia, possession of 50 grammes or more in weight of Methamphetamine (or syabu) shall be legally presumed, until the contrary is proved, that one is a drug trafficker.(Sec. 37, DDA). This means the accused is then left with the onerous burden of proving that she was not involved in drug trafficking, or even that the drugs were not hers. Generally, in criminal cases, it is the prosecution that have to prove in court that the person is guilty, but here it is the accused that must proof that he/she is not a drug trafficker, even that the said drugs found in her possession did not belong to her, or was in her possession without her knowledge and/or consent.

Unlike murder, where someone is killed, drug trafficking offence does not directly deprive the life of any particular person. This makes one wonder whether the current sentences for these offences. Surely, offences like kleptocracy and corruption, where perpetrators inadvertently steal from the Malaysian people ought to be more serious offences.

In this case, one wonders whether poverty and other factors may have played a part in ‘forcing’ a single mother to resort to crime, whereby blame also on government failings to look after the welfare of its people.

Another issue that is raised is the question of the best interest of a child, when a parent, in this case the mother, is sent to death row.

Drug possession and drug trafficking is undoubtedly an offence that need to be punished, but reasonably should not Malaysia’s sentencing policy place more emphasis on rehabilitation towards later  re-integration into society and second chances. The practice of a lighter sentence for first time offenders and higher sentences for repeat offenders really need to be considered.

Sadly, Hairun Jalmani case happens just days after we celebrated the World Day against Death Penalty (10th October), whose theme this year is ‘Women: Sentenced To Death: An Invisible Reality’.

Death Penalty is again proven not to be a Deterent to drug offences

On 2/10/2021, Bukit Aman Narcotics Criminal Investigation Department (JSJN) director Datuk Razarudin Husain said ‘…during the first eight months of this year, the police had seized 18 tonnes of drugs, an increase of 80 per cent compared with the corresponding period last year, which was 10.5 tonnes…’ (Star, 2/10/2021). This is clear evidence that the death penalty is certainly not a deterrent to drug trafficking.

In March 2012, it was also revealed in Parliament by the then Home Minister Hishammuddin Hussein that the mandatory death penalty has been shown to have failed to act as a deterrent. Police statistics for the arrests of drug dealers under Section 39B of the Dangerous Drugs Act 1952, which carries the mandatory death penalty, for the past three years (2009 to 2011) have shown an increase. In 2009, there were 2,955 arrested under this section.  In 2010, 3,700 people were arrested, whilst in 2011, there were 3,845 arrested.(Free Malaysia Today News, 19/3/2012, Death penalty not deterring drug trade).

Drug Trafficking – Post Umi Azlim reflections demand abolition of Death Penalty

In 2017, Umi Azlim Mohamad Lazim, 24, a university science graduate from a poor Malay family of rice farmers, was sentenced to death for drug trafficking for having 2.9 kilograms heroin in her luggage when she was arrested at Shantou airport. She was allegedly carrying the luggage for an acquaintance, not aware of the contents. Her death sentence was later commuted to life imprisonment, which often happens in China on review. In 2019, Umi reportedly said that she may be released by 2025 for good behaviour(NST,6/10/2019).

Umi Azlim’s case and others did cause a change in position of the Malaysian government and even political parties like PAS and UMNO about the injustices of death penalty for drug offences. Members of the Cabinet then reportedly said ‘…young Malaysian girls, some fresh graduates, were easily conned by men from the syndicates to travel abroad with a package…’ The report also stated that ‘…Malaysian lasses are an easy lot to charm. They are easily smitten by sweet words and gifts, making them an easy target for drug-trafficking syndicates looking for mules…’ (Star, 1/11/2009, Malaysian girls easily duped).

It not just young women, but man and women of all ages that can easily be duped, or maybe even make wrong choices by reason of poverty and desperation. It is also an acknowledged fact that most arrested, convicted and on death row for drug trafficking are really ‘mules’ and small players, and not the kingpins and masterminds involved in drug trafficking. These ‘big bosses’ may then simply to find drug mules from those who are not well educated, ignorant or those who are desperate for quick money.

Malaysia took the first step by amending the Dangerous Drugs Act that provided the mandatory death penalty for drug trafficking, to provide an alternate sentence of life imprisonment plus at least 15 strokes of the whip. There is however much lacking in the amendment, as we still see the death sentence.

Drug trafficking offence was influenced by US’s ‘War on Drugs’

In 1971, the US started the ‘War on Drugs’ and on 30/4/1975, the offence of drug trafficking came into being in Malaysia, and with the sentence being death or imprisonment for life plus whipping.

In April 1983, the sentence was amended to a mandatory death penalty. That could be because they wanted to deter that crime, but clearly the death penalty has failed to be a deterrent, and Malaysian prisons are filling up with drug trafficking death row prisoners

On 15/3/2018, the Dangerous Drugs Act 1952(DDA), and drug trafficking has an alternate sentence to death, being to imprisonment for life (plus whipping of not less than fifteen strokes).

However, to be sentenced to alternate sentence of life imprisonment, certain conditions had to be satisfied, and amongst this in the unjust mandatory condition, being that ‘…the person convicted has assisted an enforcement agency in disrupting drug trafficking activities within or outside Malaysia…’ Not only is this condition most unreasonable, but it also violates one’s right to a fair trial. It has the tendency of forcing an innocent person to undermine his/her appeals to avoid the death sentence.

Hairun Jalmani, the single mother, who may not be really guilty of drug trafficking certainly would not  have the capacity of helping anyone disrupt drug trafficking activities. So, she will be sentenced to death.

MADPET (Malaysians Against Death Penalty and Torture) calls for the abolition of death penalty and even life imprisonment for drug offences, including drug trafficking. Parliament should maybe provide maximum sentences, and leave it to judges to determine appropriate just sentences depending on facts and circumstances of each case;

MADPET calls for the repeal of legal presumption of drug trafficking simply on the basis of what the police found in the possession of an accused. Prosecution must prove drug trafficking.

MADPET reiterates the call for moratorium on executions pending abolition of the death penalty in Malaysia.

Charles Hector

For and on behalf of MADPET(Malaysians Against Death Penalty and Torture)


Harrowing cries of single mother handed death sentence captured in viral video
Published:  Oct 17, 2021 4:07 PM
Updated: 6:10 PM
 
A video featuring the harrowing cries of a single mother right after she was handed a mandatory death sentence for the possession and distribution of illegal narcotics has gone viral.

Hairun Jalmani, 55, a single mother of nine was sentenced to mandatory death at the Tawau High Court, Sabah on Friday after being found guilty of possessing and distributing drugs three years ago.

She broke down into sobs and shouted for help, and was led away weeping by a police official.

High Court judge Alwi Abdul Wahab passed the sentence after finding that the prosecution succeeded in creating a prima facie case while the defence failed to raise reasonable doubts.

The accused, who is also a fish seller, was charged with possessing syabu weighing 113.9g in an unnumbered house in Kampung Pangkalan Wakuba, Batu 15, Jalan Apas, Tawau, Sabah at 5.30pm, on Jan 10, 2018.

She was charged under Section 39B (1) (a) of the Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 which provides for mandatory death sentence.

The prosecution was conducted by Deputy Public Prosecutor Mohammed Ali Imran, while the accused was represented by lawyer Darmin Acho.

The prosecution presented four witnesses while the defence presented two witnesses including the accused herself.

Drug law reform advocates say that a vast majority of the over 1,300 prisoners on death row are there due to narcotics-related offences, and most of them sentenced are either addicts, drug mules, or small-time operators.

Meanwhile, Dr Adeeba Kamarulzaman, who is part of the World Health Organisation (WHO) Science Council, described the single mother’s experience as “beyond terrible”.

“It’s time to get the conversation and work on abolishing the death penalty going again.

“It is always those who are desperate and at the bottom end of the chain that pays the price. It hasn’t and will never solve the drug problem,” she said on Twitter. - Malaysiakini, 17/10/2021

 

Ibu tunggal 9 anak dijatuhi hukuman mati mandatori miliki, edar dadah

Petrus Bernard
Ibu tunggal 9 anak dijatuhi hukuman mati mandatori miliki, edar dadah
Tertuduh yang juga penjual ikan didakwa memiliki dadah jenis syabu seberat 113.9 gram di sebuah rumah tidak bernombor di Kampung Pangkalan Wakuba, Batu 15, Jalan Apas, Tawau pada jam 5.30 petang, 10 Januari 2018. - Gambar hiasan
 
TAWAU: Seorang ibu tunggal kepada sembilan orang anak dijatuhi hukuman mati mandatori di Mahkamah Tinggi Tawau pada Jumaat selepas didapati bersalah memiliki dan mengedar dadah tiga tahun lalu.
 
Hakim Mahkamah Tinggi, Alwi Abdul Wahab, menjatuhkan hukuman itu terhadap Hairun Jalmani, 55, selepas mendapati pendakwaan berjaya mewujudkan kes prima facie manakala pembelaan gagal menimbulkan keraguan munasabah.
 
Tertuduh yang juga penjual ikan didakwa memiliki dadah jenis syabu seberat 113.9 gram di sebuah rumah tidak bernombor di Kampung Pangkalan Wakuba, Batu 15, Jalan Apas, Tawau pada jam 5.30 petang, 10 Januari 2018.
 
Sehubungan itu dia didakwa mengikut Seksyen 39B(1)(a) Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952 yang memperuntukkan hukuman mati mandatori atau penjara seumur hidup, jika sabit kesalahan.
 
Pendakwaan dikendalikan Timbalan Pendakwa Raya, Mohammed Ali Imran, manakala tertuduh diwakili peguam Darmin Acho.
 
Sepanjang prosiding pendakwaan, pihak pendakwa menampilkan empat saksi manakala pihak pembelaan mengemukakan dua saksi termasuk tertuduh sendiri. - Astro Awani, 16/10/2021